Guide TURKMENISTAN Country Studies: A brief, comprehensive study of Turkmenistan

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The diplomatic community requested, but was not granted, access to the adult prison near Owadan Depe. Improvements : There were reports treatment of prisoners and food quality improved in correctional facilities in Ahal, Lebap, and Mary Provinces. The Ministry of Internal Affairs directs the criminal police, which works closely with the Ministry of National Security on matters of national safety and security. The security ministry plays a role in personnel changes in other ministries, often dictating assignments, and enforces presidential decrees.

There were continued reports both the security ministry and criminal police operated with impunity in the prosecution of criminal cases and in the harassment of unregistered religious groups and persons perceived to be critical of the regime.

The President of Turkmenistan outlines the main objectives of foreign policy of the country

No information was available on whether the presidential commission created in to review citizen complaints of abuse had conducted any inquiries that resulted in accountability of any members of the security forces for abuses. There was no national strategy to reform the police or security apparatus. A warrant is not required for arrest when officials catch a suspect in the act of committing an offense. The prosecutor general must issue an authorization for arrest within 72 hours of detention. If investigating authorities do not find evidence of guilt and issue a formal indictment within 10 days of detention, they must release the detainee; however, authorities did not always comply with this requirement.

If they find evidence, an investigation may last as long as two months. A provincial- or national-level prosecutor may extend the investigation period to six months. The national prosecutor general or deputy prosecutor general may extend the investigation period to a maximum of one year. Following the investigation, the prosecutor prepares a bill of indictment and transfers the case to the court. Courts generally followed these procedures, and the prosecutor promptly informs detainees of the charges against them.

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The criminal procedure code provides for a bail system and surety; however, authorities did not implement these provisions. The law entitles detainees to immediate access to an attorney of their choice after a formal accusation. For a number of reasons, however, detainees may not have had prompt or regular access to legal counsel — they may have been unaware of the law; security forces may have ignored the entitlement to counsel; or the practice of seeking formal legal counsel was not a cultural norm. Authorities denied some detainees visits by family members during the year.

Families sometimes did not know the whereabouts of detained relatives. Incommunicado detention was a problem. The extent to which authorities failed to protect due process in the criminal justice system was unclear. Arbitrary Arrest : The law characterizes any opposition to the government as treason. Persons convicted of treason faced life imprisonment and were ineligible for pardoning. In the past the government arrested and filed charges on economic or criminal grounds against those expressing critical or differing views instead of charging its critics with treason.

There were reports of arbitrary arrests and detentions. Authorities frequently singled out human rights activists, journalists, members of religious groups, ethnic minorities, and dissidents, as well as members of NGOs who interacted with foreigners. Jehovah's Witnesses reported police officers disrupted a group of followers gathered illegally in a private apartment in Turkmenabat by breaking into the apartment through its balcony. Police assaulted some members of the group and all were detained.

The police later released the detainees without charge, with the exception of one who remained in detention for 15 days. Unregistered religious groups are not allowed to meet according to Turkmenistan's religion law adopted in April. Forum 18 reported the antinarcotics service detained and questioned four Baptists after seizing their religious literature, cell phones, and money.

According to Forum 18, member of Jehovah's Witnesses Mansur Masharipov received a one-year sentence for allegedly assaulting a police officer following his detention after police raided his home and confiscated religious material. Masharipov was appealing his conviction. Mansur Mingelov, an activist for the rights of Balochi minorities, has remained in prison since his arrest in According to AI reports, he conducted a hunger strike in in an attempt to have his case reviewed.

The authorities reportedly reviewed his case but did not release him. Pretrial Detention : In most cases the law permits detention of no more than two months, but in exceptional cases, it may be extended to one year with approval of the prosecutor general. For minor crimes a much shorter investigation period applies. Consistent with recent trends, authorities rarely exceeded legal limits for pretrial detention. In the past chronic corruption and cumbersome bureaucratic processes contributed to lengthy trial delays; however, the government's anticorruption efforts and the establishment of the Academy of State Service to Improve State Employees' Qualifications generally eliminated such delays.

Forced confessions also played a part in the reduction of time in pretrial detention. Accused persons are entitled to challenge the court, but were unlikely to do so for fear of retribution. Detainee's Ability to Challenge Lawfulness of Detention before a Court : Persons arrested or detained are not entitled to challenge the legal basis or arbitrary nature of their detention while detained or obtain prompt release if unlawfully detained.

There were no reports of prompt release or compensation of unlawfully detained persons. According to Turkmenistan's Criminal Code, law enforcement authorities may detain a person for 72 hours without charge. Persons arrested or detained unlawfully, however, may seek reimbursement for damages following release. Law enforcement authorities found guilty of unlawful detention or arrest may be punished by demotion or suspension for five years, correctional labor service for up to two years, and imprisonment for up to eight years.

Although the law provides for an independent judiciary, the judiciary was controlled by and subordinate to the executive. There was no legislative review of the president's judicial appointments and dismissals. The president had sole authority to dismiss any judge. The judiciary was widely reputed to be corrupt and inefficient.

The law provides for due process for defendants, including a public trial; the right to attend the trial; access to accusatory material; the right to call witnesses; the right to a defense attorney, including a court-appointed lawyer if the defendant cannot afford one; and the right to represent oneself in court. Authorities, however, often denied these rights.

Defendants frequently did not enjoy a presumption of innocence. The government permits the public to attend most trials, but it closed some, especially those considered politically sensitive. There were few independent lawyers available to represent defendants. The criminal procedure code provides that defendants be present at their trials and consult with their attorneys in a timely manner. The law sets no restrictions on a defendant's access to an attorney. The court at times did not allow defendants to confront or question a witness against them and denied defendants and their attorneys access to government evidence.

In some cases courts refused to accept exculpatory evidence provided by defense attorneys, even if that evidence might have changed the outcome of the trial. Courts did not offer interpreters to defendants who did not speak Turkmen. Even when the courts observed due process, the authority of the government prosecutor far exceeded that of the defense attorney, making it difficult for the defendant to receive a fair trial.

Court transcripts frequently were flawed or incomplete, especially when there was a need to translate defendants' testimony from Russian to Turkmen. Defendants could appeal a lower court's decision and petition the president for clemency. There were credible reports that judges and prosecutors often predetermined the outcome of the trial and sentence. Opposition groups and some international organizations stated the government held political prisoners and detainees.

The precise number of these persons, which included persons charged with involvement in the alleged attack on then president Niyazov, remained unknown. According to one international representative, however, the government asserted in it imprisoned persons in the wake of the coup attempt and released During the year external news outlets reported two of these prisoners died.

Those convicted of treason faced life imprisonment and were ineligible for amnesty, although they could receive reductions of sentence from the president. The government denied that any of these persons were political prisoners. The civil judiciary system was neither independent nor impartial, as the president appointed all judges. According to the law, evidence gathered during a criminal investigation can serve as the basis for a civil action in a process called "civil lawsuit in criminal justice. In cases in which the state had interests regarding an individual citizen, it used the judiciary to impose court orders.

The most commonly enforced court orders were eviction notices. Persons and organizations may appeal adverse decisions to regional human rights bodies, but local courts were unlikely to reverse decisions in light of successful appeals. The government failed to enforce the law consistently with respect to restitution or compensation for confiscation of private property.

The government continued to demolish private homes as part of an urban renewal program without adequately compensating owners.

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Housing offered as compensation to displaced homeowners was often smaller than housing lost, because gardens and outbuildings surrounding a house were not considered "useful living space. Although a process existed for displaced homeowners to file complaints and appeals, it was not possible to determine how the process worked in practice. The constitution and law prohibit such actions, but authorities frequently did not respect these prohibitions. Authorities reportedly searched private homes without judicial or other appropriate authorization.

The law does not regulate surveillance by the state security apparatus, which regularly monitored the activities of officials, citizens, opponents and critics of the government, and foreigners. Security officials used physical surveillance, telephone tapping, electronic eavesdropping, and informers. Authorities frequently queried the parents of students studying overseas and sometimes threatened state employees they would lose their jobs if they maintained friendships with foreigners. The government reportedly intercepted surface mail before delivery, and letters and parcels taken to the post office had to remain unsealed for government inspection.

Persons harassed, detained, or arrested by authorities, as well as their family members, reported the government caused family members to be fired from their jobs or expelled from school. Authorities sometimes also detained and interrogated family members.

The constitution provides for freedom of speech and press, but the government did not respect these rights. Freedom of Speech and Expression : The law requires political parties to allow representatives of the Central Election Committee and Ministry of Justice to monitor their meetings. The government also warned critics against speaking with visiting journalists or other foreigners about human rights problems. During the year the government publicized new laws that stipulate civil servants must refrain from public statements on the activities of the government and its leaders if such statements are not part of their official duties.

The laws also state civil servants must refrain from making public statements regarding the value of goods, works, and services, including the government's budget, borrowing, or debt. In October state police services threatened to harm animal rights activist Galina Kucherenko for her online postings protesting a government campaign to destroy stray dogs and cats found on the city streets. Their harassment and intimidation led to Kucherenko's two-month involuntary confinement to her home, which appeared to ease toward the end of the year.

Quasi-independent weekly newspaper Rysgal continued to operate, although its stories were largely reprints from state media outlets or reflected the views of the state news agency. The government maintained restrictions on the importation of foreign newspapers except for the private, but government-sanctioned, Turkish newspaper Zaman Turkmenistan , which reflected the views of the official state newspapers, and Atavatan-Turkmenistan , a Turkish journal. The government controlled radio and domestic television, but satellite dishes providing access to foreign television programming were widespread throughout the country.

International organizations and news outlets highlighted the forced removal of some satellite dishes by the government and replacement with telecommunications packages, such as cable, that limited access to certain channels and kinds of information. Citizens also received international radio programs through satellite access. The government continued its ban on subscriptions to foreign periodicals by nongovernmental entities, although copies of nonpolitical periodicals appeared occasionally in the bazaars. The government maintained a subscription service to Russian-language outlets for government workers, although these publications were not available for public use.

There was no independent oversight of media accreditation, no defined criteria for allocating press cards, no assured provision for receiving accreditation when space was available, and no protection against the withdrawal of accreditation for political reasons. The government required all foreign correspondents to apply for accreditation. It granted visas to journalists from outside the country only to cover specific events, such as international conferences and summit meetings, where it could monitor their activities.

Violence and Harassment : The government subjected journalists critical of its official policy to surveillance and harassment. There were reports law enforcement officials harassed and monitored citizen journalists who worked for foreign media outlets, including by monitoring their telephone conversations and restricting their travel abroad. He remained imprisoned. HRW disputed the legal basis of the charge, stating it was politically motivated. Visiting foreign journalists reported harassment and denial of freedom of movement when they attempted to report from the country.

On October 25, unknown persons attacked and robbed Soltan Achilova after police confronted her for photographing a line of persons queuing for cigarettes at a convenience store. Achilova was harassed verbally by unknown persons on November 14 and was struck by men on bicycles on November Reportedly, police also beat Allashov following his arrest, detained his wife and mother, and seized his mother's home.

Allashov faced a seven-year sentence for the alleged crime and remained in jail at year's end. As in previous years, the government required journalists working for state-owned media to obtain permission to cover specific events as well as to publish or broadcast the subject matter they covered. Censorship or Content Restrictions : The law prohibits censorship and provides for freedom to gather and disseminate information, but authorities did not implement the law. The government continued to censor newspapers and prohibit reporting of opposition political views or any criticism of the president.

Domestic journalists and foreign news correspondents often engaged in self-censorship due to fear of government reprisal. To regulate domestic printing and copying activities, the government required all publishing houses and printing and photocopying establishments to register their equipment.

The government did not allow the publication of works on topics that were out of favor with the government, including some works of fiction. The government continued to monitor citizens' e-mail and internet activity. Reports indicated the Ministry of National Security controlled the main access gateway and that several servers belonging to internet protocol addresses registered to the Ministry of Communications operated software that allowed the government to record Voice over Internet Protocol VOIP conversations, turn on computer cameras and microphones, and log keystrokes.

The authorities blocked access to websites they considered sensitive, including YouTube, Twitter, and Facebook, as well as virtual private network connections, including those of diplomatic missions and international businesses, and severely restricted internet access to other websites.

Skype, an encrypted VOIP service, was blocked throughout the year. According to the government, 12 percent of the population used the internet. The percentage of the population that accessed the internet via cell phones reportedly was significantly higher, although official estimates were not available.

Much of the population received its news from Russian- and Turkish-language cable and satellite television feeds. The government did not tolerate criticism of government policy or the president in academic circles and curtailed research in areas it considered politically sensitive, such as comparative law, history, ethnic relations, and theology. In a presidential decree established procedures for the government to certify foreign diplomas. To have foreign diplomas formally recognized, graduates must complete an application, submit information on their family history for three generations, and pass regular Turkmen university graduation exams related to their majors.

Due to this extensive process, many graduates of foreign universities reported they were unable to certify their diplomas with authorities at the Ministry of Education, making them ineligible for employment at state agencies. Some graduates reported ministry officials demanded bribes to allow certification of their diplomas. The government strictly controlled the production of plays and performances in state theaters, and these were severely limited.

Authorities also strictly controlled film screenings and limited viewings to approved films dubbed or subtitled in Turkmen and Russian, unless sponsored by a foreign embassy. The Ministry of Culture censored and monitored all public exhibitions, including music, art, and cultural events. The constitution and law provide for freedom of assembly, but the government restricted this right.

During the year authorities neither granted the required permits for public meetings and demonstrations nor allowed unregistered organizations to hold demonstrations. In some instances religious groups reported their members were arrested while gathering for private dinners. Although the constitution and law provide for freedom of association, the government restricted this right.


The law requires all NGOs to register with the Ministry of Justice and all foreign assistance to be coordinated through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Unregistered NGO activity is punishable by a fine, short-term detention, and confiscation of property. Of the estimated registered NGOs, international organizations recognized only a few as independent. NGOs reported the government presented a number of administrative obstacles to NGOs that attempted to register. Authorities reportedly rejected some applications repeatedly on technical grounds.

In the government reported it registered three NGOs whose primary focus was sports and leisure activities. Some organizations awaiting registration found alternate ways to carry out activities, such as registering as businesses or subsidiaries of other registered groups, but others temporarily suspended or limited their activities. Although the law states there is a process for registering foreign assistance, NGOs had difficulty registering bilateral foreign assistance in practice due to a decree requiring such registration.

Sources noted a number of barriers to the formation and functioning of civil society. These included regulations that permitted the Ministry of Justice to send representatives to association events and meetings and requirements that associations notify the government about their planned activities. In-country Movement : The law requires internal passports and residency permits. Persons residing or working without residency permits face forcible removal to their place of registration.

A requirement for a border permit remained in effect for all foreigners wishing to travel to border areas. The law does not permit dual citizenship, and in the government terminated an agreement with Russia that previously provided an exception for certain dual Turkmen-Russian citizens. All dual citizens are obliged to renounce one of their citizenships if they want to travel outside the country. The process of renouncing Turkmen citizenship is not transparent and can take up to a year. Foreign Travel : The government continued to bar certain citizens from departing under its Law on Migration.

The law states that citizens of Turkmenistan may be denied exit from Turkmenistan "if their exit contravenes the interests of national security of Turkmenistan. Although the government denied maintaining a "black list" of local persons not permitted to travel abroad, ANT reported that such a list existed and contained approximately 17, names.

According to various sources, in most cases, travelers who were stopped were not given an explanation for denial of departure and were only informed of the ban upon attempting foreign travel from the airport. Some individuals were able to obtain documentation from the State Migration Service later stating they were not allowed to depart the country, but without justification for the ban. In some cases authorities initially denied travelers departure from the country, but after several days, or in some cases weeks, the travelers were allowed to depart without explanation for the delay.

During the year the government allowed some persons previously banned from travel to depart the country. For instance, family members of emigrant opposition politician Pirimguly Tanrykuliev were allowed to depart the country after previously being informed they were banned from departing the country for life.

The government routinely prevented citizens from travelling abroad for programs sponsored by foreign governments, unless the program was specifically approved in advance by the foreign ministry. Migration officials often stopped "nonapproved" travelers at the airport and prevented them from leaving.

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In some cases, however, those traveling for approved programs were also not allowed to depart or were delayed. The Law on Migration provides for restrictions on travel by citizens who have had access to state secrets, presented falsified personal information, committed a serious crime, were under surveillance, might become victims of trafficking, previously violated the law of the destination country, or whose travel contradicts the interests of national security.

In some cases the law provides for time limits on the travel ban as well as fines for its infraction. Former public-sector employees who had access to state secrets were prevented from traveling abroad for five years after terminating their employment with the government. The law allows authorities to forbid recipients of presidential amnesties from traveling abroad for a period of up to two years. The law also allows the government to impose limitations on obtaining education in specific professions and specialties.

Exile : The law provides for internal exile, requiring persons to reside in a certain area for a fixed term of two to five years. While formally there is a system for granting refugee status, it was inactive. UNHCR had observer status at government-run refugee-status determination hearings. In the government amended the Law on Migration to permit refugees to receive, at no charge, biometric identification and travel documents compliant with the requirements of the International Civil Aviation Organization.

Access to Asylum : The laws provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. The country has not granted asylum since The country had a significant population of former Soviet Union citizens who became stateless due to the breakup of the Soviet Union. In December UNHCR estimated there were 7, stateless persons or persons of underdetermined nationality in the country. The number of stateless persons who were also refugees was not available. Citizenship is derived primarily from one's parents.

The requirement that applicants for citizenship prove they are not citizens of another country impeded efforts to establish the nationality of undocumented persons. According to UNHCR, however, in the past 10 years, the government granted citizenship to an estimated 18, stateless persons. During the year the government granted citizenship to 1, stateless persons residing in the country. In the government amended its Law on Migration to allow stateless persons to reside in the country legally and travel internationally with government-issued identification and travel documents.

Undocumented stateless persons did not have access to public benefits, education, or employment opportunities. Despite a constitutional provision giving citizens the ability to choose their government in periodic elections based on universal and equal suffrage, there have not been free-and-fair elections in Turkmenistan. There was no bona fide political opposition to the president, and alternative candidates came from derivative party structures, such as the state-controlled Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, or are members of individual initiative groups.

Elections were conducted by secret ballot.

The constitution declares the country to be a secular democracy in the form of a presidential republic. It calls for separation of powers among the branches of government but vests a disproportionate share of power in the presidency. The president's power over the state continued to be nearly absolute. In September parliament ratified a new constitution that extended the presidential term in office from five to seven years, repealed a maximum age limit of 70 years, and failed to reinstitute term limits for the presidency. Recent Elections : A presidential election took place in ; however, the OSCE determined conditions were not appropriate for an observer mission.

The OSCE's Office of Democratic Institutions and Human Rights ODIHR noted in its Needs Assessment Mission Report that the deployment of an observer mission would not add value to the election due to limitations on fundamental freedoms, the absence of political pluralism, and the lack of progress in bringing the country's legal framework in line with OSCE commitments for democratic elections. The government did not invite the OSCE to send observers, but the Commonwealth of Independent States CIS , which the country chaired in , sent a small observer mission that did not have unrestricted access to polling stations and did not release a comprehensive observation report.

In the government enacted an electoral code that governs the activities of the Central Election Committee, defines the rights of voters, and establishes election procedures. In the government held national parliamentary elections, and for the first time, a second political party, the Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, competed for seats on a national scale. The government invited the OSCE to send observers for the elections. While the report of ODIHR's needs assessment mission did not recommend the deployment of an election-monitoring mission, the ODIHR sent a member election-assessment mission to review further the new legal and administrative framework for elections.

The final report of ODIHR's mission noted the elections took place in a strictly controlled political environment characterized by a lack of respect for fundamental freedoms. The report noted also that, despite the existence of a second political party, voters did not have a genuine choice between political alternatives. In August local council elections took place but were not monitored by independent observer groups. During the year the government conducted elections to fill parliamentary vacancies in conjunction with local government elections. The government did not invite observers, and all newly elected members of parliament represented progovernment parties.

The government's Central Election Committee reported the elections were conducted consistent with international standards. Political Parties and Political Participation : The law makes it extremely difficult for genuinely independent political parties to organize, nominate candidates, and campaign, since it grants the Ministry of Justice broad powers over the registration process and the authority to monitor party meetings.

The law prohibits political parties based on religion, region, or profession as well as parties that "offend moral norms. The law permits public associations and organizations to put forth candidates for elected office. State media covered the activities of President Berdimuhamedov, the Democratic Party, the Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, the Agrarian Party, and trade and professional unions. There were neither organized opposition nor independent political groups operating in the country. The three registered political parties were the ruling Democratic Party the former Communist Party , the Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, and the Agrarian Party.

Each of these parties, which were progovernment in orientation, nominated a candidate for anticipated February presidential elections. The first version of a training package for the implementation of national guidelines on outbreak investigation and response OIR was presented at this workshop. Using the approach which has been followed in Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Moldova, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, a multisectoral group of laboratory experts was formed. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University hosted the second Moscow training course on the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases NCDs in the countries of central Asia and eastern Europe.

However, information on risk factors is less frequently available, prompting for alternative data sources to provide this information. Countries in the WHO European Region at risk of malaria reintroduction — the same countries that signed the Tashkent Declaration — have reaffirmed their commitment to keep the Region malaria-free. From 6 to 10 June , a team of independent and WHO experts together with national specialists jointly assessed Turkmenistan's International Health Regulations capacities in 19 technical areas to prevent, detect and rapidly respond to various public health threats.

On 18 and 19 May , Bonn, Germany hosted the WHO international meeting on the economic health costs and impacts that the past and present use of asbestos has on society. Participants were representatives of 13 countries — Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkmenistan and Ukraine — and experts from international organizations and research institutes.

Turkmenistan will accelerate its collaboration with WHO to strengthen the national health system, with special emphasis on tuberculosis TB prevention and care, and human resources for health. Dr Chan celebrated recent progress in global public health, particularly in combating HIV, tuberculosis, malaria and poliomyelitis, as well as in improving maternal and child health. But she warned that the recent outbreaks of Ebola, MERS coronavirus, Zika and urban yellow fever signalled a "dramatic resurgence of the threat from emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases".

The first anniversary of the project "Implementation of the Ashgabat Declaration: towards a tobacco-free European Region" was marked at a two-day European regional meeting in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan on 28—29 April The meeting focused on sharing the latest developments in tobacco control in European countries and discussing the way forward to reach the global voluntary target in tobacco use by A workshop was held on 14—15 April in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan to ensure that the near-miss case review NMCR approach leads to further improvement in the quality of maternal care, and prevents complications in labour and delivery.

On 7 April , Turkmenistan joined the international community to mark World Health Day and raise awareness about diabetes. The WHO Country Office supported the Government of Turkmenistan in organizing various activities for people across the country, including free blood pressure tests, blood glucose level tests and medical consultations at public hospitals. They reviewed the telephone counselling protocols used by the Turkish quit line and conducted a train-the-trainer workshop on telephone counselling.

On 25—27 January , at the request of the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, WHO experts conducted an assessment of the Turkmenistan National Road Safety Programme — to clarify target indicators and exchange global experience. In Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, key print and television journalists at the regional and national levels, and communication representatives of regional health centres participated in a 1-day workshop in December aimed at building their capacity to report on tobacco-related issues. Antimicrobial resistance AMR is a significant public health problem that is receiving increasing attention worldwide.

Any kind of antibiotic use in people, animals or plants can promote the development and spread of antibiotic resistance. It starts in January and will run for 3 years. As part of the Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework Partnership Contribution Implementation Plan — in laboratory and surveillance, a practical training course on molecular identification of influenza was held on 23 March—3 April President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov presented the awards in the presence of high-level ministerial delegations from around the world at an international health forum in Ashgabat.

Turkmenistan families will be more knowledgeable about the benefits of immunizing children through a media campaign that took place on 20—25 April to mark the 10th anniversary of European Immunization Week EIW. This year's theme, closing the immunization gap, aims to refocus public attention on the importance of vaccinating all children. World Health Day was an opportunity to recognize the important food safety role of all involved in food production, and to strengthen collaboration and coordination between these different areas to prevent, detect and respond to foodborne diseases.

Statistics indicate, however, that about cases were imported into the Region in , and the threat of reintroducing the disease remains. The WHO European Region aims to interrupt the transmission of malaria and eliminate the disease by the end of this year. On November , representatives from 8 countries in the WHO European Region met in Tashkent, Uzbekistan to share their policy experiences and the key lessons learned from the design and implementation of cross sectoral approaches to improve health and well-being.

The government of Turkmenistan and the International Organization of Migration IOM organized in November a high-level roundtable on migration and health to discuss the growing challenges for national officials in this area of work. This was part of a project co-funded by the European Union to strengthen the safety and security of public health laboratories. The project aims to build the capacity of TB programmes to perform operational research in order to inform policy and practice and improve TB control. This training course comprises three workshops, inter-workshop mentorship and support by international experts, and an operational research project led by the participant.

More than 30 delegates, representing the governments of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan, national and international partner organizations, WHO staff and external experts, gathered on July in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Armenia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan will be the first countries in the WHO European Region to benefit from the PIP Framework, a unique partnership between industry, civil society and governments to improve pandemic preparedness and access to antiviral medicines and vaccines. On 4 April , the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan hosted a stage performance and contest by medical personnel, with a focus on vector-borne diseases, including leishmaniasis, polio, helminthiasis and malaria.

To build capacity in responding to real or perceived vaccine-related events, the first in a series of multi-country training workshops on vaccine safety event management and communications was held on 24—28 February in Astana, Kazakhstan. Participants from across the WHO European Region explained the measures they are taking to combat noncommunicable diseases and expressed widespread commitment to making the Region tobacco free.

Tobacco and alcohol use, obesity and physical inactivity are among the principal causes of death in the WHO European Region. Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan hope to begin the certification process for malaria-free status at the end of This process is initiated by WHO at the request of the Member State once there have been no locally acquired malaria cases for at least three consecutive years. A cross border meeting about Malaria, involving health officials from Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, was held in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, August Improving the health of mothers and children is considered by the Government of Turkmenistan as a priority in national public policy and as integral part of the socio-economic development.

Through this project, medical staff of Health House in Ashgabat will obtain skills in providing second-line treatment on an ambulatory basis. Concern is increasing in five central Asian countries Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan , where more than half of newly diagnosed HIV infections occur among such people. The Government has approved the state programme on the development of the health sector for —, and the related action plan. Intensive anti-malaria interventions have cut the number of reported autochthonous malaria cases in the WHO European Region from 90 in to in World Malaria Day is 25 April.

The "Week of Health and Happiness", initiated by the President of Turkmenistan, featured a long list of activities supported by ministries, organizations and businesses to promote healthy lifestyles. The European Regional Certification Commission for Poliomyelitis Eradication RCC announced yesterday that Europe will retain its polio-free status after the importation of wild poliovirus type 1 in The WHO Regional Director for Europe, Ms Zsuzsanna Jakab, was in Turkmenistan this week to participate in celebrations marking the sixteenth anniversary of the national health programme, to review the progress made in the health sector, and discuss future priorities for collaboration.

As of 6 May, 38 countries had reported a total of confirmed cases. In August , the European Regional Certification Committee for Poliomyelitis Eradication will review the outbreak response and status of poliomyelitis polio eradication in the Region. An expanded meeting of the Interagency Coordination Committee of the National Immunization Programme and members of the technical working group of the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan was held on 15 April Meeting participants reviewed a report on the introduction of a national action plan to prevent re-introductoin of malaria transmission in turkmenistan for the period In cooperation with the Turkmenistan Ministry of Health and Medical Industry, the WHO Country Office in Turkmenistan held a workshop April on integrating gender, social determinants and equity in the state health programme.

The group consists of representatives of different Ministries, including the Ministry of Health and Medical industry, the Ministry of Trade, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Turkmen State Agency for Standardization, the Ministry of Education, and the Ministry of Communications as well as others. When a country has zero locally acquired malaria cases for at least three consecutive years, it can request WHO to certify its malaria-free status. On 14 June World Blood Donor Day is celebrated throughout the world, also in Turkmenistan, where a voluntary blood donor drive was held.

Countries Turkmenistan News. Are you a leader for road safety? Member States urged to ramp up fight against noncommunicable diseases Governments in WHO Member States must implement existing policies and set ambitious goals at national level if they are to live up to their commitment to reduce premature deaths from noncommunicable diseases NCDs in the WHO European Region. WHO builds capacity of qualified personnel for laboratory biosafety in Turkmenistan WHO conducted a training to build capacity in the maintenance of tuberculosis TB laboratory biosafety cabinets BSCs in Turkmenistan.

Turkmenistan launches its first national strategic plan for viral hepatitis response Turkmenistan has launched its first-ever national strategic plan on viral hepatitis at a meeting of experts on 20 December in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. Capacity-building to better care for patients with severe acute respiratory infections in Turkmenistan Under the aegis of the Pandemic Influenza Preparedness PIP Framework, WHO is providing support for intensive care doctors in Turkmenistan to better care for critically ill respiratory patients.

Lancet: further action needed to realise full health potential of European children and adolescents Turkmenistan celebrates World Mental Health Day with first-of-its-kind conference On 10 October , Turkmenistan celebrated World Mental Health Day with a conference focused on the prevention and treatment of mental disorders, bringing together psychiatrists and family doctors from all regions of the country.

WHO launches cutting-edge package to scale up risk communication capacity in the European Region in 5 steps Emergency risk communication ERC is a vital public health intervention. All European countries on track to offer inactivated polio vaccine in next step of global eradication plan Four additional countries in the WHO European Region have successfully added the inactivated poliomyelitis polio vaccine IPV to their routine immunization schedules this year. Understanding and addressing the mental health needs of adolescents To truly understand the needs of adolescents, it is vital to listen to adolescents themselves.

Turkmenistan marks 4th anniversary of the implementation of the Ashgabat Declaration Turkmenistan to move faster towards sustainable development with United Nations support WHO along with other United Nations agencies and the World Bank conducted an assessment visit to Turkmenistan to support the country in making more effective steps towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs. Annual regional meeting focuses on tobacco taxation and policy coherence Representatives of over 40 countries gathered in Heidelberg, Germany, for the annual European regional meeting on the implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control FCTC on 30 November—1 December Training of national trainers in laboratory quality management in Turkmenistan A 5-day training course for senior laboratory managers, managers responsible for quality management at central and regional levels, professionals from Turkmen State Medical University and members of the National Laboratory Working Group took place from 30 October to 3 November in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.

WHO training strengthens hospital preparedness for mass casualty incidents in Turkmenistan For the first time in Turkmenistan, training was conducted for hospital specialists on responding to mass casualty incidents MCIs. The Ashgabat Statement: Europe commits to staying malaria free The WHO European Region is marking an important step on the road from malaria control to malaria elimination, and then on to maintaining malaria-free status, with the launch of The Ashgabat Statement: Preventing the re-establishment of malaria transmission in the WHO European Region.

High Pace of Reforms in the Educational Sector in Turkmenistan - SEnECA

WHO provides technical support for the promotion of healthy lifestyles in Turkmenistan On 20—22 July , WHO provided support to Turkmenistan on the prevention of noncommunicable diseases NCDs with a specific focus on the promotion of healthy nutrition, physical activity and the reduction of alcohol consumption. Investment in data management pays off: PIP priority countries prepared to publish an influenza bulletin during the upcoming season In June , a 4-day workshop on data interpretation and influenza bulletin generation took place in St Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Central Asian countries strengthen readiness for future emergencies Twenty-three health professionals from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan were trained on management and coordination of large-scale emergencies that require a response from medical teams.

Newly independent states: Potential health impact of strong tobacco control policies WHO has developed a series of fact sheets for the 11 newly independent states NIS.

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Laboratory mentoring for quality systems implementation under the Better Labs for Better Health initiative: in review Mentoring activities are currently taking place in 7 laboratories in the WHO European Region, and will expand to include 2 additional laboratories in early WHO supports Turkmenistan in analyzing nutritional composition of foods Unhealthy diets are becoming an increasingly urgent risk factor for noncommunicable diseases across our region, including countries in central Asia.

Strengthening national tobacco cessation and treatment systems On October policy-makers from 12 newly independent states NIS participated in a tobacco cessation workshop in Moscow to improve their skills in strengthening national tobacco cessation and treatment systems in accordance with the Guidelines for implementation of Article 14 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control WHO FCTC.

Simulation exercise increases polio-outbreak preparedness in Europe A subregional polio-outbreak simulation exercise POSE held in Almaty, Kazakhstan, on August allowed Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to critically review their national plans for responding to the detection of wild polioviruses and vaccine-derived polioviruses in line with new standard operating procedures SOP of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative GPEI.