Fundamental questions and globalisation, 16 Agricultural work and globalised economy, Agrarian reform and globalisation, Unions and processes of globalisation, Work and globalisation of protection, Globalisation and identity of work, Countries, work and globalisation, Work and globalisation of solidarity, Globalisation and a humanism of work, Economic and financial globalisation, , The common good and globalisation, Globalisation and defence of human rights, Globalisation and civil society, Globalisation, solidarity and generations, Globalisation and centrality of the State, Politics and the globalisation of problems, Rethinking the economy and globalisation, Gratuitousness and religious experience, 20 Gratuitousness of divine action, 22, 27 Style of gratuitousness inspired by God, 24 Gratuitousness of the salvation event, 25 The Lord's gratuitous action and man, 26 Man and woman and divine gratuitousness, 26 Jesus' activity and the gratuitousness of God, 29 God's gratuitous love and humanity, 31 The Father and the gratuitousness of the divine gift of the Son, 32 The creation of man, a gratuitous act of God, 36 Solidarity and the dimension of gratuitousness, Love and relations of gratuitousness, The person and the mentality of gratuitousness, Persons with disabilities and rights, The dignity of children with handicaps, The family and subjects with handicaps, The common good and health, Love and health care, Family needs and health, Work activities and protecting health, Work environment and physical health, Responsibility and a healthy environment, Problems of health care and biotechnology, Biotechnology disease and health, Jesus and life and death made holy, 41 Good and the Kingdom of holiness, 57 Original sin, Adam and holiness, Christian couples and the path to holiness, Sunday, a day to be kept holy, Man and governing the world in holiness, Lived Christianity and a life of holiness, Consecrated persons and the value of holiness, Housing, an essential personal service, Right to housing and security, Decent housing, Lack of housing, Integral and solidary humanism, 6, 7 Humanism and God's plan of love, 19 The Church and complete humanism, 82 Complete humanism and spiritual values, 98 Humanism of work at a worldwide level, Christ and integral and solidary humanism, Poverty and complete humanism, War, failure of every humanism, The laity and characteristics of action proper to atheistic humanism, Illiteracy, poverty and the Church, 5 Illiteracy, underdevelopment and poverty, Illiteracy and ecumenical cooperation, Social doctrine, denunciation and imbalances, 81 The common good and disparities, State intervention and serious social imbalances, Imbalances in the world of work, Imbalances between man and nature, Octogesima Adveniens and emigration, Unemployment and immigration, Immigration, a resource for development, Regulating immigration, Globalisation, unions and immigrants, Christian anthropology and inculturation, Educational institutions and inculturation, Sin, free act of an individual person, What is true for the individual is also true for peoples, The individual person and development, The industrial revolution and the labour question, 88 Rerum Novarum and industrial workers, 89 Quadragesimo Anno and industrialization, 91 Pope John XXIII and the industrial revolution, 94 Octogesima Adveniens and post-industrial society, New methods and industrialized nations, The Church and the industrial revolution, Unions and the struggle of industrial workers, New types of work and the first industrial revolution, Passage of work from industry to services, Inequalities in industrialized countries, Trade systems and industrial activities, Molecular biology and industry, , Indigenous peoples and agro-industrial interests, Industrial production and the order of creation, The social question and inequalities, 94 Relations between peoples, equity and inequalities, Interdependence and inequalities between countries, Immigration and grave inequalities, Globalisation and inequalities, Access to knowledge and inequalities, Rich countries and social inequalities, Public authorities and inequalities, The media and inequalities, Requirements of the common good and information, , Participation and information, Solidarity and volume of information, Number of children and appropriate information, Competitive markets and information, Consumers, circulation and information, Information and democratic participation, Objectivity of information, Information systems and the human person, Information rich and information poor, , Poverty and information systems, Biotechnology and correct information, , The poor in suburbs, relocation and adequate information, The laity and a culture of information, Structures and policies of communication and information, Discernment, accuracy and information, The family, divine institution, The institution of the family and persons, The institution of the family and the social order, The family, a natural institution, Jesus and dignity of the institution of marriage, The institution of marriage and the divine order, The institution of marriage and conjugal love, The institution of Christ and marriage, Foundations of the institution of marriage, The institutional character of marriage, , Rerum Novarum and giving momentum to instruction, Work and obsolete systems of instruction, Employment and systems of instruction, The right to work, the third sector and instruction, The laity and the magisterium to instruct consciences, Rerum Novarum , social initiatives and insurance, Insurance, old age, disease and accidents, Interdependence, model of unity and humanity, 33 The Church and interdependence, 65 Interdependence and inequalities, Interdependence and solidarity, The family, work and interdependence, Interdependence of workers, The economy and interdependence, Political community, civil society and interdependence, Interdependence and the moral dimension, Interdependence and ecological problems, Interdependence and processes of globalization, International relations and interdependence, The common good, the State and intermediate groups, Subsidiarity and intermediate social entities, , Participation, workers and intermediate bodies, The economy and intermediate social bodies, The State, the market and intermediate groups, Political authority and intermediate bodies, The world community and intermediate associations, Foundations of international law, International law and respecting States, International law and the law of the stronger, The military and international humanitarian law, Use of force and international humanitarian law, Civil populations and international humanitarian law, Disarming the aggressor and international law, Terrorism and international humanitarian law, The Church and the function of international law, Christ and the Great Jubilee of the Year , 1 Jesus and the prophetic meaning of jubilee, The nineteenth century and conflict between labour and capital, 88 Quadragesimo Anno , capital and labour, 91 Children and child labour, Relations between labour and capital, Labour and human capital, Conflict between labour and capital, Child labour, Immigrants and labour needs, The people of the Lord and acquisition of land, 21 The promised land and the practice of justice, 23 The human person, land and justice, 56 Fruits of nature, land and the Lord's Spirit, 57 Equitable distribution of land, Ownership of new technologies and land, Redistribution of land, Land titles, Indigenous peoples and land, Exodus and the liberation from slavery, 21 Liberation and Israelite society, 23 The sabbatical year, the jubilee year and liberation, 24 Jesus and the liberation of prisoners, 28 Mary, icon of liberation, 59 The Church and commitment to human liberation, 60, 86 Social doctrine and the message liberation, 63, 82 Liberation and evangelisation, 63, 66 Competence of the Church and liberation, 68 Liberation, freedom and human dignity, Truth, good and evil, liberation and conscience, The Sabbath, day of liberation, Sunday, day of liberation, Goods and integral human liberation, Social pastoral activity and Christian liberation, Catechesis and human liberation, Divine grace and the spiral of lies, 43 Satan, the spirit of men and lies, Violence is a lie, Putting away falsehood, New forms of poverty and marginalization, 5 God's mercy and the marginalized, 29 Work and marginalized women, Materialism and the unity of human beings, The common good and materialistic visions, Materialism and work as an actus personae , The economy, materialistic dimension and life, The human family and materialistic ideologies, Octogesima Adveniens and the media, Solidarity and the media, The media and the human community, Values and moral principles and the media, Human culture and the media, The laity and mass media, , The media and professionals, Lack of medical care, 5 Technology, disease and medicines, Biotechnology and medicine, Men and women religious and The Compendium , 11 Contribution of men and women religious to social doctrine, 79 Doctrine, secular obligations and men and women religious, 83 Mit Brennender Sorge and men and women religious, 92 Social doctrine, the bishop and men and women religious, Social pastoral activity and consecrated persons, The Spirit of God and sentiments of mercy, 25 Jesus, mercy and the action of God, 28, 29 Jesus and God's liberating mercy, 29 God and mercy, 59 Works of corporal and spiritual mercy, Mercy, benign love, , Works of mercy, acts of charity, Practising works of mercy, Christians and God's mercy, Mercy and truth, Peace and mercy, Rights of nations and minorities, The democratic State, majority and minority, The principle of subsidiarity and minorities, Minorities, rights and duties, The international order and the rights of minorities, Rerum Novarum and the misery of workers, 89 Human misery and the weakness of man, Sundays, charity and brethren in misery and poverty, The Spirit and the miserable state of the human condition, Public communications and the unscrupulous use of money, The love of money, The debt crisis and public moneys, Mary, the Mother of Jesus, 59 The Church, Mother and Teacher, 86 Right to grow in the womb of one's mother, Right to be born to a father and a mother, Mothers and socially recognized work, Work and the role of the woman as mother, Motherhood and likeness to God, Motherhood and acceptance of life, Desire for motherhood and the right to have children, Reproduction technologies and surrogate motherhood, Motherhood and tasks of a spiritual nature, Social provisions and maternity, Worker movements of solidarity, Life in society, spiritual values and movements, Governments and movements for human rights, The environment and ecological movements, Christians, movements and defence of the human person, Movements and formation of the lay faithful, Social doctrine and the role of movements, The Ten Commandments and natural law, 22 Human action and natural law, 37 Social relationships and natural law, 53 Natural law and creatures of God, 53 Doctrinal principles and natural law, 89 Pope Pius XII and natural law, 93 Natural moral law, Natural law, rights and duties of the person, Universality of natural moral law, Human society, natural law and duties, Right to use goods and natural law, Natural law and sexual identity, Work, family life and natural law, Human values and natural law, The right to resistance and natural law, International law and natural law, Minorities, quest for autonomy and negotiations, Controversies and processes of negotiation, Processes of negotiation and international law, Processes of negotiation and juridical authority, Measure of consensus and multilateral negotiation, Iustitia et Pax , organism of the Church, 99 The person as a cell of an organism, Technical interventions and living organisms, Ownership of goods, accessible to all, Destination of goods and ownership of new goods, Ownership, advantages and the tempting promises, Participation of workers in ownership, Ownership of new technologies, Agrarian reform and ownership of land, Relativity of goods and God as first owner of all goods, Human fatherhood and motherhood and likeness to God, Fatherhood and motherhood and acceptance of life, Responsible parenthood, Desire to be mother or father and right to children, Spiritual dimension of fatherhood and motherhood, Children, gifts for parents, , Christian parents and the lay vocation, Assisted procreation and parents, Parents and procreation, Parents and the education of children, Parents and civil and ecclesial organizations, Parents and the right to educational institutions, Parents and the joint work of education, Parents and the sexual education of children, New generations and the heritage received from parents, Remuneration, house work and parents, The media and parents, Relations between unions and political parties, Parties and participation in political life, The laity and membership in a party, , Social doctrine, a pastoral priority, 7 The Compendium and pastoral discernment, 10 The Compendium , an instrument of pastoral service, 11 The twenty-first century and pastoral concern, 88, Magisterium and pastoral participation, Pastoral commitment, proclamation and denunciation, Social pastoral activity and ecumenical cooperation, The Church, refugees and pastoral presence, Messages for the World Day of Peace and pastoral action, Anthropology, pastoral work and inculturation, Social doctrine and social pastoral activity, , Social messages and pastoral tasks, Social pastoral activity and truth about man, Candidates for priesthood and social pastoral activity, Social pastoral activity and Christians, The bishop and social pastoral activity, Priests and social pastoral activity, Pastoral action and consecrated persons, Ecclesial associations and social pastoral activity, Prayer for those who govern and persecution, The Beast of the Apocalypse and the power of the persecutor, Religious persecution and international order, Today's humanity and gestures of pluralism, 16 The common good and social pluralism, Pluralistic articulation of society, Work and plurality of labour activities, Plurality of decision-making centres, Pluralism and the sphere of information, Social pluralism and democracy, Pluralistic society, autonomy of the State and communication, Ethical nature and legitimate pluralism, Private property and economic policies, Families and family policies, Economic policies and employment, Policies and agrarian reform, Merger policies, Communication policies, Countries and trade policies, Population control policies and global development, International financial institutions and the world's population, Foreign debt and the people of poor countries, Biotechnology and populations of developing countries, Aging of the population, International humanitarian law and civilian population, Sanctions and entire populations, The Compendium and pastoral service of priests, 11 Social doctrine, community and priests, 79 Social doctrine, the laity and priests, 83 Mit Brennender Sorge , priests and resistance, 92 Social doctrine and priestly formation, Social doctrine and priestly ministry, The laity and Christ's priestly dignity, The lay person as priest, starting with the sacraments, Social doctrine and principles of reflection, 7 The Compendium and principles of reflection, 11 Social doctrine, constant in its principles of reflection, 85 Political choices and principles of reflection, Jesus and visiting those in prison, 57 Unemployment and ex-convicts, The dignity of detained persons and prisons, Prison chaplains, Unity of the two and the work of procreation, , The State, the family and the procreative function, Marriage and procreation, De facto unions, marriage and procreation, Acceptance of life and the task of procreation, Procreation and solidarity between generations, Methods of responsible procreation, Techniques of reproduction and the act of procreation, Cloning and the dignity of procreation, Spiritual dimension of procreation, Structures of sin and profit, Businesses and principle of maximum profit, Organization of work and profit, Companies and the proper function of profit, Profit and dignity of the person, Quest for equitable profit and usury, Competitive markets and profit, Globalisation and opportunities for profit, The media and profit, The economy, the environment and profit, Biotechnology and legitimate profit, Workers' rights and unprotected workers, Unions and categories of workers needing protection, Social security and protected workers, Consumers, products and protecting the environment, Financial institutions and protecting the system, Criminal punishment and protecting the common good, Creation and the task of protection, Protecting the environment as a collective good, God's providence concerning his children, 35 Human action and God's providential action, Rulers, ministers of God's providence, Equality between people and their race, New life in Christ and racial differences, Racism and racial discrimination, Culture without racial discrimination, The why of things and human reason, 15 New horizons closed to human reasoning, 34 Social doctrine, faith and human reason, 74, 75 Social doctrine, philosophy and reason, 77 Man, spiritual faculties and reason, Man and bonds of reason and of will, Natural law and reason, Human rights, human dignity and reason, Principles of social doctrine, reason and faith, God's plan of marriage and reason, Relation between the economy, morality and reason, Just laws and dictates of right reason, Relations between peoples, law and reason, Prudence, virtue of practical reason, Social doctrine and a reconciled society, 82 The Gospel, message of reconciliation, 87 Jesus Christ, God and man reconciled, , , Solidarity and reconciliation, Reconciliation and divorced who are remarried, Sin and reconciliation, The guilty and justice that reconciles, God and the reconciliation of man and of the world, Peace and reconciliation, , Reconciliation, justice and truth, Reconciliation and social commitment, Refugees, victims of war, The Church, pastoral presence and refugees, Refugees and human rights, Quadragesimo Anno and totalitarian regimes, 91 Pope Pius XI and totalitarian regimes, 92 Religious freedom and progress in any regime, Private property and concrete forms of regimes, Countries and totalitarian or dictatorial regimes, Values and political regimes, A people, rulers and political regime, Remuneration for house work, Workers and fair remuneration, Contract, justice and remuneration, Work and the commandment of Sabbath rest, Jesus, the Sabbath and the significance of rest, Rest from work is a right, Those who cannot rest from work because of poverty, Public authorities and time for rest, Dignity of workers and the right to rest from work, Field of rights and safeguarded interests, Religious freedom and safeguarding the rights of citizens, Christian anthropology and safeguarding personal transcendence, Work, a means of sanctification, The economy, progress and sanctification, Priests and the mission to sanctify, The laity, sanctified and sanctifiers, Family wage and savings, Consumer choices, savings and investment, , Lifestyles and savings, , Financial markets and savings, The family, first school of social life, , The elderly, an important school of life, Private schools and economic assistance, Right to free and open schools, Access to land and social security, Property and security for the future, Destabilization of marriage and security, Systems of social security, , Economic activity and security, Punishment of crimes and people's security, International security and common norms, Universal authority and security, Armed forces and the security of a country, Equality, irrespective of sex, The handicapped and the sexual dimension, Children and the responsible exercise of sexuality, Love and its sexual expression, Gender identity and sexual identity, Truth about man and persons of the same sex, The homosexual person and marriage, Contraceptive methods and human sexuality, Demographic questions and sexual morality, Cloning, asexual reproduction, Parents and the sexual education of children, Children and sexual exploitation, Culture and sexual discrimination, Marriage between persons of the same sex, God and forms of sharing, 24 Social doctrine and sharing, 75 Work of formation and shared participation of citizens, Social life and forms of sharing, The family and demonstrations of sharing, The family and the logic of sharing, Sharing and work, Jesus and a social life of sharing, People and the sharing of life and values, Sharing, the exercise of power and service, Sharing of resources and the international order, The disciple of Christ and sharing, Sharing of goods and ecology, Sharing the riches of mind and talents, Presence and liberation from slavery, 21, The Ten Commandments and slavery to sin, 22 In Christ there is neither slave nor free, 53, Hope and liberation from slavery, 56 Corporeal dimension, vigilance and slavery, Moral law and man as a slave to himself, Human rights and new forms of slavery, Property and radical slavery, Man, work and slavery, Child labour and conditions of slavery, The Kingdom of God and slavery, Material goods and men as slaves, The economy, equality and slavery, The Holy Spirit and men as slaves, Disciples of Christ, not slaves to things, The Gospel and slavery to sin, The social dimension, work and the social body, The economy and intermediate social bodies, The common good and social communities, 61 Social charity and political and social communities, Rural people and the social community, Moral truths and the social community, The family, first school of social living, The family and educating in social living, Rerum Novarum and the class struggle, 89 Quadragesimo Anno and the class struggle, 91 Unions and the struggle of workers, The world of work, cooperation and struggle, Unions and instruments of struggle, Unions and parties that struggle for power, Subsidiarity and social doctrine, 77, , The State, subsidiarity and the private sector, 91 Quadragesimo Anno and the principle of subsidiarity, 91, Principle of subsidiarity, , , Participation and subsidiarity, The State, the family and subsidiarity, , The State, subsidiarity and solidarity, Subsidiarity, public authorities and initiative, , Solidarity and subsidiarity, The State, subsidiarity and private organizations, , Democracy and the principle of subsidiarity, Political community, civil society and subsidiarity, International political authority and subsidiarity, Solidarity, poverty and subsidiarity, Subsidiarity, the laity and political action, Taxes, public spending and the common good, Payment of taxes and solidarity, Jesus and taxes paid to Caesar, Civic duty to pay taxes, Well, we're at 3.
So there are policies which are said to help people at the bottom, but actually throw more out of work. Sowell: Yes, one of the worst are the minimum wage laws. It's painful because I have been following that for decades and uniformly the increase of minimum rates has led to people losing their jobs. If you go back as far as , the black unemployment rate was under 10 percent among teenagers, same as the white race, and the difference between the two groups was virtually nil.
As you increase the minimum wage a huge racial gap opens up between them. It's what you would expect by the most elementary application of economics, but apparently no one is interested in those facts. Gurdon: One of the things that comes through in your writing is that you do not have a lot of sympathy for self-pity. One of the ways that you put it was that people used to count their blessings whereas now they count their unfulfilled wishes. Can you talk a little bit about that change and the way society has changed in that? Sowell: This is partly a result of education. I know, blessings do not get votes, and unfulfilled wishes do.
So it's understandable that politicians have to manufacture grievances. I'm always amazed at the lengths to which people will go to create grievances, the most insignificant things. Some years ago there were a lot of grievances on the Left because of the way the map of the world was presented because it distorted the sizes of Europe and tropical countries. Well, there's no way in the world you can have an accurate map of a globe on a two dimensional map, and so you only have a choice as to what are you going to distort.
Gurdon: That idea of equality, and that only discrimination can produce differences in outcome, stokes the feeling of entitlement and of dependency doesn't it? That plays into your observation that there are lots of people who love to tell others how to live their lives. That seems to be behind the idea of the nanny state. How much damage is that doing? I've seen you suggest that it's done a great deal more damage, for example, than the legacy of slavery. Sowell: Yes. Because if you look at the things that have happened since the s where this idea of the government looking after everybody took hold, you find, for example, that the number of black children who grew up without a father was about one third of black children.
Two thirds of black children were raised in two parent families. This is years after slavery. But after 35 years of the welfare state, that was driven to the point where now two-thirds of the black kids were being raised without a father present, and among blacks in poverty, 85 percent. So, if we just look at the timelines, we can see where this originated. It originated in the 20th century, with the triumph of the welfare state. Moreover, the same thing has happened in Britain and other places where the underclass is primarily white.
- November Rain;
- Chapter Religion – Introduction to Sociology – 2nd Canadian Edition.
- Can You Say It Backwards?.
- The View from below : Political Consciousness of the Urban Poor in Ibadan..
The results there are virtually identical. Gurdon: Is there a moral element to this? I mean, if you emphasize equality and you suggest that there should be no disparity of outcome, does it raise envy into a sort of ideal? It says envy isn't wrong, it is a justified anger against an improper outcome. And I think that's been concentrated for a very long time among the intelligentsia far more so than among the public at large. Gurdon: You made mention in your farewell a column that there have been great material advances, but there have also been many social retrogressions.
People are very substantially richer and can enjoy material goods which even the rich in past generations could not afford or were just not available. You see some things improving and some things getting worse. Where do you fit on that optimistic-pessimistic scale? Sowell: I suppose in terms of the material things, I'm optimistic.
I remember a relative of mine who worked for a rich family once took me to work with him, and in the living room was this console with this little tiny screen where there was the first television, which cost an enormous amount of money.
Chapter 4. Society and Social Interaction
It was certainly not as large as a postcard and it must've cost thousands. Yet today people on welfare wouldn't have something like that. Material things have just gotten better. That unfortunately I think has gotten worse and progressively so over the years.
Catechism of the Catholic Church - Grace and justification
Again, primarily a turning point was the s. Gurdon: Your book examines different kinds of discrimination that sound terribly complicated, but I'm going to let you explain what it means and the way it affects our politics. Sowell: Well, when we say someone has discriminating tastes, we mean that this is someone who is very good at discerning differences and making the right choices accordingly.
But that's very different from the kind of discrimination that's led to the anti-discrimination laws where the fact that a person is black or is a woman determines how that person is treated. It is easy to confuse the two. There are politicians who have a vested interest in promoting confusion because, for one thing, different people have different interests, different backgrounds, and so forth. So they will almost inevitably have different outcomes. Trying to decide which kind of discrimination there is, is a tough one.
Bulletin for International Taxation - All Articles
Let me give an example. Employers who do criminal background checks tend to hire more young black males than employers who do not. The ones who don't have the criminal background checks see a young black male and they know that they're taking a chance hiring him because of the higher incidence of criminal activity. But what if the employer has a business that requires him to check everybody? He knows that this guy either does or doesn't have a criminal background, and therefore he hires more young blacks.
But that reality doesn't seem to affect the politicians in the slightest or intellectuals. Gurdon: On the question of race, something that comes through at the end of your book is that you oppose reparations to blacks for slavery. Slavery was one of the longest living, most universal of all human institutions. Now that says something about human nature. So if you had reparations for slavery, virtually everybody on the planet would have had an ancestor somewhere who was enslaved.
The number of whites who were enslaved in North Africa was larger than the number of blacks who were enslaved in the United States. Sowell: All around the Mediterranean, there were hundreds of towers built on the coast line so people could be warned when the pirates approached, so they wouldn't be captured and taken away in slavery.
There were over towers around Sicily alone. Gurdon: As a final question, I want to switch from the subject of slavery to the subject of freedom.
A value that comes through more in your books than any other is the value you place on individual freedom, and the freedom of individuals to sort themselves as they choose rather than having the government sort them. Is that an accurate description of your feeling? Sowell: It is, even aside from the feeling of being free, which people have risked their lives for. The government can't possibly know as much about what you want as you know.
There's an old saying that a fool can put on his coat better than a wise man can put it on for him.
- The Second Helvetic Confession.
- 15.1. The Sociological Approach to Religion?
- Occupational Elf: A Short Story.
- The Assassins Club.
I think that applies to a lot of things. Beltway Confidential. Washington Secrets. Friday June 28, 'A friend of mine': Trump praises Saudi crown Jean Carroll on Trump Modern Conservatives. More Washington Examiner.
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