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Any loss of trust in the integrity of the Federal statistical system and its products could lessen respondent cooperation with Federal statistical surveys, decrease the quality of statistical system products, and foster uncertainty about the validity of measures our Nation uses to monitor and assess its performance and progress. To further support the quality and integrity of Federal statistical information, OMB is issuing a new Statistical Policy Directive designed to preserve and enhance the objectivity and transparency, in fact and in perception, of the processes used to release and disseminate the statistical products of Federal statistical agencies.

The procedures in the directive are intended to ensure that statistical data releases adhere to data quality standards through equitable, policy-neutral, and timely release of information to the general public. Effective Date: The effective date of this Directive is April 7, Please send any questions about this directive to: Katherine K. You may also send questions via E-mail to DisseminationDirective omb. Because of delays in the receipt of regular mail, electronic communications are encouraged. Trust in the accuracy, objectivity, and reliability of Federal statistics is essential to the ongoing and increasingly complex policy and planning needs of governmental and private users of these products.

Consequently, there has been a long-standing concern about the need to maintain public confidence in the objectivity of Federal statistics. The need to publish the information in a nonpolitical context cannot be overemphasized.

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In , the Nixon Administration was widely criticized for the way it publicly characterized some Bureau of Labor Statistics unemployment data at the time of their release. Directive No. The stated purposes of Directive No. Nothing could undermine the politician and implementation of his policy recommendations as much as an accumulated and intense public distrust in the statistical basis for the decisions which the policy-maker must inevitably make, or in the figures by which the results of these decisions are measured. Unless definite action is taken to maintain public confidence in Federal statistics and in the system responsible for their production, there will be growing tendencies to distrust leadership.

With respect to trust in the Federal statistical system, President George H. Bush stated in It is of paramount importance to this Administration that these fundamental principles of the Federal statistical system are strictly maintained so that the accuracy and integrity of Government data are not threatened. In , the Congress reauthorized the Paperwork Reduction Act PRA , which makes OMB responsible, among other requirements, for coordination of the Federal statistical system to ensure the integrity, objectivity, impartiality, utility, and confidentiality of information collected for statistical purposes.

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In , the United States was a charter subscriber to the International Monetary Fund's Special Data Dissemination Standard SDDS , which guides over 60 member nations in the provision of their economic and financial data to the public. The elements of the SDDS for access, Start Printed Page integrity, and quality emphasize transparency in the compilation and dissemination of statistics. For example,. The principles address: 1 Relevance to policy issues, 2 credibility among data users, and 3 trust among data providers.

Among the essential core practices, the NRC lists a strong measure of independence, wide dissemination of data, and commitment to quality and professional standards of practice. The Principles and Practices report states that a credible and effective statistical organization:. Elements of an effective dissemination program include: A variety of avenues for data dissemination, chosen to reach as broad a public as reasonably possible; procedures for release of information that preclude actual or perceived political interference; adherence to predetermined release schedules for important indicators serves to prevent even the appearance of manipulation of release dates for political purposes.

In May , the National Science Board, which is charged with serving as adviser to the President and Congress on policy matters related to science and engineering research and education, concluded that:. A clear distinction should be made between communicating professional research results and data versus the interpretation of data and results in a context that seeks to influence, through the injection of personal viewpoints, public opinion or the formulation of public policy.

Delay in taking these actions may contribute to a potential loss of confidence by the American public and broader research community regarding the quality and credibility of Government sponsored scientific research results.

This report discussed the desirability of OMB's issuing a new Statistical Policy Directive that 1 extends dissemination procedures—similar to those of its long-standing Statistical Policy Directive No. The directive addresses concerns with equitable, policy-neutral, and timely release and dissemination of general-purpose statistical information to the public and reinforces the integrity and transparency of the processes used to produce and release the Nation's statistical products.

This directive is not intended to address other issues relating to statistical products, such as the appropriate funding levels for statistical activities and the policy decisions regarding what kinds of data an agency should collect and maintain, as well as the corresponding intra-governmental reporting relationships. Essentially all commenters encouraged OMB to issue the directive, some as drafted and others with suggested changes designed to strengthen various provisions of the directive.

After careful consideration, the draft directive was modified in response to comment and is issued as final by this notice. A general discussion of the comments as they pertain to sections of the directive and their disposition follows. Section 1.

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Two comments suggested that limiting the scope to statistical products of statistical agencies and units is too restrictive, and that the scope should be expanded to include all Federal statistical products, wherever produced. In response, as noted above, the provisions of the Directive are predicated on principles and practices of Federal statistical agencies. The extension of the provisions in this directive to those statistical products that are produced by administrative and regulatory agencies would necessarily raise a variety of issues and questions that would go beyond the planned scope of this directive.

As a result, the final directive remains limited to the statistical products of Federal statistical agencies. Section 2.

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Statistical Products. Two comments suggested that each Federal statistical agency or unit should be required to provide to OMB annually a complete list of all statistical products it has produced or plans to produce and the tools it uses to produce them.


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We have not adopted this suggestion because the directive already requires that statistical agencies publish their statistical products and descriptions of their methodologies on their Internet sites. One comment suggested adding specificity regarding the desired qualities of disseminated statistical products. We have not adopted this suggestion.

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The directive advises agencies to assess the needs of data users and to provide a range of products to address those needs by whatever means practicable. Given the wide variety of statistical products and their varied subject matters and uses, as well Start Printed Page as the fluid nature of methodological and technological advances, OMB prefers to have agencies take their lead from the individual statistical product users rather than to have OMB specify general qualities that may not fully reflect specific user needs.

Four comments raised points that have been incorporated in the final directive. The first requested clarification that not only data, but also methodologies, have limitations. The second sought clarification concerning methodological documentation requirements for compilations of statistical information collected and assembled from other statistical products.

A third comment noted a subtle inconsistency in the prose in sections 2 and 6 requiring agencies to publish their statistical products on the Internet. Consequently, Section 6 has been modified to be consistent with Section 2. Finally, one comment noted that press releases should list the statistical agency that is the source of the data.

Accordingly, the directive states that a statistical press release should contain the name of the statistical agency issuing the product. Section 3. Statistical Agencies or Units. No comments were received on Section 3. Section 4. Timing of Release. Two comments proposed revising the guidance for agencies to minimize the time between data collection and data dissemination. OMB concurs and has modified the text accordingly.

Section 5. Notification of Release. One commenter sought clarification on whether an agency's failure to publish the scheduled release of a particular statistical product might prevent the agency from releasing it. The answer is that the directive does not prevent a release in such circumstances. Section 6. More than a third of all comments were related to Section 6. Comments ranged from requests for more explicit, uniform requirements for the timing of releases and pre-release access, to greater transparency for pre-release access, to more robust recognition of the need for the perceived independence of Federal statistical products.

However, the decentralized nature, the varying characteristics of their subject matter concentrations, and the differing existing organizational structures of Federal statistical agencies do not lend themselves to explicit, uniform requirements. Instead, the directive makes each agency responsible for establishing its own procedures, for publishing those procedures on its Web site, and for ensuring that the published information reflects current policy and practice.

The largest number of comments related to the press release discussion in Section 6a, Outreach to the Media. All comments agreed that a statistical press release must provide a policy-neutral description of the data and must not include policy pronouncements, but the comments differed in how to achieve this objective. A few comments noted that the draft did not explicitly identify the policy officials authorized to review the statistical press release to ensure that it does not contain policy pronouncements. Accordingly, the final directive makes clear that it is the policy officials of the issuing statistical agency's department who may review the statistical press release.

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Special Data Dissemination Standard: Guide For Subscribers And Users

Articles and commentaries that identify allAfrica. Sri Lanka participated in the GDDS, which specifies 24 data categories covering real sector, fiscal sector, financial sector and external sector, since July and commenced working towards achieving SDDS status in Sri Lanka has satisfied all the SDDS requirements in relation to the dissemination of required data categories in accordance with the prescribed coverage, periodicity and timeliness.

The NSDP has been published on the CBSL website with data pertaining to all data categories latest data as well as historical data series together with the metadata templates and the ARC to enable data users to access data conveniently. Share This Article Facebook Twitter. Comments that are abusive, obscene, incendiary, defamatory or irrelevant will not be published.

The Supreme Court on 18 April has ordered six Ministries, their Secretaries and three Government authorities to take immediate several effective measures to be enforced in the design and construction of all parts of new buildings and services the pub. It is said that a country is only good as her people. A country belongs to her people. In a democratic country, people elect the leaders to manage the country on their behalf.

Hence, to be hailed as a progressive country, it is paramount for a countr.