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By their decorative stoneware were so successful that designers and artists were employed at the Lambeth factory, including the famous George Tinworth. The former having started his pottery career at Doulton in , before opening his own factory in Except for its use by a few studio potters , the process is obsolete.Ion-Solid Interactions - Fundamentals and Applns">follow
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Before its demise, in the face of environmental clean air restrictions, it was last used in the production of salt-glazed sewer-pipes. The salt glaze is formed on the unglazed body by reaction of common salt with the clay body constituents, particularly silica, toward the end of firing. The body should ideally be richer in silica than normal stoneware, and iron impurities can help produce good salt glazes.
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A reduction atmosphere can be employed as the reduced iron silicates are very powerful fluxes. These vapors react with the silica in the body and other body constituents. A glaze of fairly high alumina content 0.
Salt glazes have been improved by the addition of borax , and sometimes sodium nitrate , to the salting mixture. Colouring oxides can be incorporated in the salting mixture to give decorative effects, such as a kind of aventurine glaze. Both the hydrogen chloride and the carbon dioxide are gases; they do not react with the sodium oxide that binds with the silica and other components of the clay body. Hydrogen chloride leaving the kiln will form a hydrochloric acid vapour on contact with moisture in the air or kiln exhaust gases. Any remaining sodium oxide will form salt by reacting with hydrochloric acid vapour as the gases exit the kiln.
The sodium oxide Na 2 O reacts with the alumina and silica in the clay body to form a sodium alumino-silicate glaze. Salt can also be used as a decorative element on selected individual pots. Biscuit ware can be soaked in a brine solution to create salted patterns. Rope and other textiles can also be soaked in brine and wrapped around biscuit ware.
english salt glazed stoneware | eBay
Salt can also be added, in solution, to coloured clay slips and can be sprinkled onto biscuit ware in protective, ceramic containers called saggars. Whilst the application method is a little different, the alternatives need to be sprayed into the kiln, results are similar to salt glazing but for subtle differences in texture and colour. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Play media. The Institute Of Minerals. Retrieved Skerry, S.
Salt Glazed Stoneware, Germany, Flanders, England and the United States (Paperback)
Findlen Hood. University of Pennsylvania Press. Australian Historical Archaeology. Ceramic Arts Daily. Journal of Ceramic History 11 Transactions of the English Ceramic Circle 5, no. Shire Publications Ltd.
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Dodd, D. The Instiutue of Materials. Interceram 45, No. Knodt, A. Normann, S.