After all, she assumed, if she didn't like the People's Temple, she could always leave. Forty years later, O'Shea is just beginning to speak openly about her seven years with Jim Jones, first in California and then at his compound in Guyana. Her memories of Jonestown are complex. Its inhabitants, she says, were warm people who worked hard to build a utopian community. Jones himself was passionately committed to civil rights -- during the s, he helped integrate churches, hospitals, restaurants, and movie theaters, and he personally adopted several children of color.
His only biological child, Stephan, had the middle name Gandhi. The majority of the followers who died with him were African-American, and one third were children. As O'Shea tells it, Jones's idealism was a large part of what made him so lethal. He tapped into the zeitgeist of the late s and s, feeding on people's fears and promising to create a "rainbow family" where everyone would truly be equal.
He was charismatic enough to lure hundreds of people to a South American jungle, where he cut off all their ties with the outside world. O'Shea, who escaped just three weeks before the massacre, recently published a collection of poems and photographs called Jonestown Lullaby. I spoke to her this morning about her memories of Jim Jones, including the mass suicide rehearsals he called White Nights. She described her dawning realization that Jones was going to kill her.
And she explained why Jonestown should be remembered not as an American curiosity but a cautionary tale for everyday people. You say that you want people to remember the good parts of Jonestown. What were the good parts? What was good about Jonestown was not Jim Jones. It was the people he attracted. They came from every walk of life, from the very well educated to the totally uneducated. Some had lots of money. Some were living off of Social Security, and some didn't even have that.
It could have been you. It was me. How did Jones manage to lure all these people in, to the point where they would follow him anywhere? He was very charismatic and attracted people who were feeling vulnerable or disenfranchised for whatever reason. Most of them were African-American, but there were also white people, Jewish people, people of Mexican descent. There were religious Christians and communists.
If you wanted religion, Jim Jones could give it to you. If you wanted socialism, he could give it to you. If you were looking for a father figure, he'd be your father. He always homed in on what you needed and managed to bring you in emotionally. I always looked at the Temple as a utopian community that used religion to get where we were wanting to go. Other people took it as Christ's way. There's a passage in the Bible where Jesus tells people to leave their families and follow him.
Jim quoted that quite a lot. He said he was Gandhi, Buddha, Lenin -- he said he was the coming back of anybody you'd ever want to come back. And we believed him. The first time I met him, I was convinced he could read minds, cast spells, do all kinds of powerful things, both good and evil. I was afraid of him and stayed afraid of him for seven years.
We didn't know he was a drug addict. Drugs were anathema at the Temple; we weren't supposed to do that kind of stuff. I learned after the massacre that he drugged people on the outpost there to keep them from trying to leave, to keep them from trying to dissent, to control them in different ways, all unbeknownst to the masses. It's hard to know the mind of Jim Jones.
He was a very complex, confusing character. In some ways he was a good guy. He was passionate about interracial integration. The People's Temple built schools, built housing, built a health clinic, built a kitchen, cleared fields, harvested crops. His goal was to set up this utopian community where everything would be fair and equal.
At the same time, he was very paranoid. He could not accept the fact that one person would leave him, ever. He had us all sign papers -- Jim called them compromises. They were blank sheets of paper, or typed sheets of paper that he'd cover up while we signed our name. He had something he could blackmail all of us with.
One guy tried to leave and Jim said he'd use his paper against him so he'd never see his children again. So he came back. The thing was, too, that Jim would not let children off the compound. So if you were going to leave, you were leaving your child. There was no way of getting a child out of Jonestown. And if people did defect, Jim said he'd send them things that had poison on them.
At least, that's what he told us he was doing. It's really hard to tell what he was actually doing. In the long run, Jim gave in to drugs and he got himself boxed into a corner. And his paranoia got completely out of control. One big warning sign was that he had revolutionary suicide practices. He called them White Nights. He did this several times, both in the United States and in Guyana. He couldn't be talking all the time, but he'd tape what he said and then play it back all day long.
And the rule was that we couldn't talk when Jim Jones was talking. So on the loudspeakers, he'd suddenly call out, "White Night! White Night! Get to the to the pavilion! Your lives are in danger!
Then he would tell us that in the United States, African Americans were being herded into concentration camps, that there was genocide on the streets. They were coming to kill and torture us because we'd chosen what he called the socialist track. He said they were on their way. We didn't know this at the time, but he'd set up people who would shoot into the jungle to make us feel as if we were under attack.
And there were other people who were set up to run and get shot -- with rubber bullets, though we didn't know it at the time. So there you were, in the middle of the jungle. Shots were being fired, and people were surrounding you with guns. Then a couple of women brought out these trays of cups of what they said was cyanide-laced Kool-Aid, or Flavor-Aid -- whichever they had. Everybody drank it. If we didn't drink it, we were forced to drink it.
If we ran, thought we'd be shot. At the end of it, we were wondering, Why aren't we dead? And then Jim would just start laughing and clapping his hands. He'd tell us it was a rehearsal and say, "Now I know I can trust you. Sleep tight! Do you think the people who died on November 18 thought at first that it was another dress rehearsal? No, when the final time came, I think people were aware it was real thing. It had been a very, very bad day. For the first 24 hours after its release, the song was exclusively available as part of the "Donate to Download" campaign for Sam Childers ' Angels of East Africa children's charity.
The song is also the lead track on the film's soundtrack album. In , Soundgarden released their first song in 15 years, "Live to Rise", written for The Avengers movie soundtrack. In , Cornell wrote the song "Misery Chain", for the soundtrack to the film 12 Years a Slave , in which he performed a duet with Joy Williams. I get to pay tribute to Terry Reid , whose version of the song has been a favorite of mine for many years, and be included on a great soundtrack with an amazing group of artists.
His last soundtrack contribution was the song " The Promise ", written for the ending credits for the movie of the same name released in Cornell's songwriting often features non-standard chord progressions and melodies that do not conform with one diatonic scale. A prominent example is "Black Hole Sun", which not only involves many kinds of open chords and several key changes in short sequences, but also unique melody phrases with large- interval jumps.
A recurrent characteristic is his use of major-only chord sequences "Sweet Euphoria",  "Pretty Noose"  , which also leads to more subtle key changes. Cornell's most concentrated example of his own songwriting style remains on his first solo album Euphoria Morning ,  as his subsequent works, whether with Audioslave or on his later solo albums, tend toward the conventional and only occasionally contain short but inventive interludes e. Cornell had a multi-octave range. He was a baritone    with an ability to sing extremely high in the tenor range,  as well as in the lower register of a baritone voice.
He showcased this in various songs, most notably the studio and the demo versions of "Beyond the Wheel", where he can be heard spanning three octaves. He also experimented with various different vocal styles, ranging from light falsetto to brutal screams and chants. In addition to singing rock and metal mainly with Soundgarden and Audioslave, Cornell sang the blues ,  neo-soul  and stripped-down acoustic numbers. Cornell made a cameo in the film Singles. According to lead singer Shirley Manson , she was obsessed with Cornell at the time of the release of Soundgarden 's hit song " Black Hole Sun ".
Cornell was an answer on the game show Jeopardy! The clue was, "In , music fans were saddened by the death of this Soundgarden singer". In , Cornell started dating Susan Silver ,    the manager of Alice in Chains , Soundgarden and Screaming Trees ,  and they got married in In , a portion of proceeds from ticket sales went to benefit the cause. In a television interview, Cornell said about religion, "I don't follow any particular one.
Cornell was a close friend of late singer Andrew Wood , who was his roommate in Seattle. In a interview with The Guardian promoting the first tour of Temple of the Dog, Cornell said about Wood's death: "I've always had a really difficult time with loss. I didn't deal well with Andy's death.
After he died, numerous times I'd be driving and I would look out the window and I thought I saw him. It would take me five minutes to update to the moment and realize, 'no, he's actually dead. It's facing the reality. During a Rolling Stone interview on Kurt Cobain's suicide, when asked if it is legitimate to read a songwriter's suicide into his lyrics after the fact, Cornell said:. When Andy [Wood] died, I couldn't listen to his songs for about two years after that, and it was for that reason—his lyrics often seem as though they can tell that story.
But then again, my lyrics often could tell the same one. In terms of seeing everything as a matter of life and death—if that's what you're feeling at the time, then that's what you're going to write. It's sort of a morbid exchange when somebody who is a writer like that dies, and then everyone starts picking through all their lyrics.
In Kurt's case, whatever he was thinking and whatever he was writing, there wasn't an arrow pointing at what his demise was. It's a stream of thought, it's a possibility—it's definitely something that somebody was feeling when they were writing. It doesn't mean that it's going to happen. But it doesn't necessarily mean that it isn't, either. Cornell was good friends with Pearl Jam frontman Eddie Vedder. Cornell was one of the first people that Vedder met outside his Pearl Jam bandmates after moving to Seattle in Everyone was still reeling from Andy [Andrew Wood]'s death The band came on and Chris carried Eddie onto the stage — he was on his shoulders.
It was one of those super powerful moments, where it was all a big healing for everybody And Chris bringing Eddie out, and pointing at him, as much to say, 'This is your guy now. Chris really welcomed him. Ed was super, super shy. Chris took him out for beers and told him stories. He was like, 'Hey, welcome to Seattle. I love Jeff [Ament] and Stone [Gossard]. I give you my blessing.
It was one of the coolest things I saw Chris do. In a interview with Uncut , Vedder stated that Cornell was "the best singer that we've got on the planet". These guys [the other members of Pearl Jam] know him much longer than me and his impact is profound. Cornell struggled with depression    and had multiple addictions mostly alcohol and prescription drugs ,    which he was able to manage from roughly until , when Soundgarden broke up and his first marriage was failing.
I was just kind of shutting down. I eventually found that the only way out of that was to change virtually everything in my life. That was a very frightening thing to do, but it was worthwhile. Cornell stated in a interview: "I know what it feels like to be suicidal, and I know what it feels like to be hopeless. There is some point where I learnt enough about myself to know that I don't have the tolerance to create other hurdles as well. No one really knows what run-of-the-mill depression is.
You'll think somebody has run-of-the-mill depression, and then the next thing you know, they're hanging from a rope. It's hard to tell the difference. But I do feel that depression can be useful. Sometimes it's just chemical. It doesn't seem to come from anywhere. And whenever I've been in any kind of depression, I've over the years tried to not only imagine what it feels like to not be there, but try to remind myself that I could just wake up the next day and it could be gone because that happens, and not to worry about it.
And at the same time, when I'm feeling great, I remember the depression and think about the differences in what I'm feeling and why I would feel that way, and not be reactionary one way or the other. You just have to realize that these are patterns of life and you just go through them. From 14 to 16, I didn't have any friends. I stayed home most of the time. Up till then life was pretty great I never did any drugs until my late 20s. Unfortunately, being a child of two alcoholics, I started drinking a lot, and that's what eventually got me back into drugs. You often hear that pot leads to harder drugs.
But I think alcohol is what leads you to everything, because it takes away the fear. The worst drug experimentation I ever did was because I was drunk and didn't care. When asked how he beat his addictions, Cornell stated, "The bottom line is really, and this is the part that is scary for everyone, the individual kinda has to want it There's nothing you can do Sad for me when friends of mine died because of it. In a interview, Cornell said the major change when Soundgarden re-formed was a lack of alcohol: "The biggest difference I noticed And we never talked about it On June 2, , the Wayne County Medical Examiner released its autopsy  and toxicology report in the death of Cornell.
The medical examiner added that Cornell's injuries were all "consistent with hanging, partially suspended by the resistance exercise band,"  and that "drugs did not contribute" to the cause of death. A spokesperson for Cornell's widow blamed Ativan for the singer's death, stating that Cornell would not intentionally take his own life. When he told me he may have taken an extra Ativan or two, I contacted security and asked that they check on him. Many of us who know Chris well noticed that he wasn't himself during his final hours and that something was very off.
We have learned from this report that several substances were found in his system. After so many years of sobriety, this moment of terrible judgment seems to have completely impaired and altered his state of mind. Something clearly went terribly wrong and my children and I are heartbroken and are devastated that this moment can never be taken back. We very much appreciate all of the love we have received during this extremely difficult time and are dedicated to helping others in preventing this type of tragedy.
Cornell's son, Christopher, also appeared in the video. Following Cornell's death, his brother, Peter Cornell, started a campaign to raise awareness on depression and suicide prevention. On July 11, , the Detroit Police Department released the full police report on Cornell's death,  along with photographs from Cornell's hotel room  and the call from the MGM Grand Detroit from the night of Cornell's death. Alarmed by what she heard, Vicky phoned Kirsten to ask him to check on her husband "because he did not sound like he was OK.
Security refused to assist. Kirsten told police that Vicky instructed him to kick the door open, which he did. He added, "Upon entry, I found the bedroom door locked. I called the hotel operator and told her that I needed security to open the bedroom door. They refused again, and I told them that I'm going to damage the hotel room and they need to send security, call and call an ambulance. I kicked the bedroom door times before it somehow popped open.
I went inside and the bathroom door was partially opened and I could see his feet. Questioned by The Detroit News as to why it took 41 minutes to get a medical team to the scene after the bodyguard found Cornell lying on the floor, police determined the timeline was accurate, and the bodyguard's story checked out. Robert Koblin "negligently and repeatedly" prescribed "dangerous mind-altering controlled substances to Chris Cornell which impaired Mr. Cornell's cognition, clouded his judgment, and caused him to engage in dangerous impulsive behaviors that he was unable to control, costing him his life.
In his motion for dismissal, Koblin denied all accusations of negligence and said that Cornell was well aware of the risks inherent to the medication, which he was taking to treat anxiety. Koblin insisted that he did everything within his power to help Cornell, and that extant malpractice law should shield him from being sued.
Cornell's body was cremated on May 23, Chester Bennington performed Leonard Cohen 's "Hallelujah". At the end of the funeral, Temple of the Dog's song "All Night Thing" accompanied mourners as they exited. PST on May 18, , in honor of Cornell and his contributions to the city's music scene. The Seattle Mariners held a pregame tribute to Cornell prior to their game against the Chicago White Sox on May 19 with a moment of silence and videoboard tribute to Cornell.
During his solo concert in London on June 6, , Eddie Vedder talked for the first time about Cornell since his death, saying "he wasn't just a friend, he was someone I looked up to like my older brother" and "I will live with those memories in my heart and I will love him forever.
It was later performed with Serj Tankian of System of a Down on vocals. Near the end of the performance, an audio of Cornell singing the song was played. On July 20, , the day that would have been Cornell's 53rd birthday, Pearl Jam guitarist Stone Gossard , who played with Cornell in Temple of the Dog, wrote a letter to him in a post shared on Pearl Jam's official website.
Cornell and Gossard share the same birthday. Smith said in a statement: "Written and recorded in loving tribute to the glorious Chris Cornell, who left us the day before this session. We will never stop singing your songs. Goodbye for now, Chris Love Never Dies. Foo Fighters ' drummer Taylor Hawkins added a tribute image of Cornell on his touring drum kit in August Cornell's Soundgarden bandmate, Matt Cameron, paid homage to him in his first solo album titled Cavedweller , with the inscription "For Chris"  on the vinyl version of the album,  which was released on September 22, The movie American Satan , released in October , paid tribute to Cornell and other artists who have died since production on the movie began with a music video featuring the band portrayed in the film, The Relentless , playing a cover of Neil Young 's song " Hey Hey, My My ".
At the end of the performance, a photo of Cornell was displayed on a screen behind the stage and Cantrell turned around and raised his fist saluting Cornell. On the one year anniversary of Cornell's death on May 18, , Alice in Chains paid tribute to him covering two Soundgarden songs, " Hunted Down " and " Boot Camp ", respectively, closing their headlining set at the Rock on the Range festival in Columbus, Ohio. Soundgarden was scheduled to headline the festival in prior Cornell's death.
Since May 27, , "Black Hole Sun" is played at every concert, and "You Know My Name" is the outro song of every show and gets played after the encore of the band. The song is featured on her covers album Immortal , which honors Wilson's friends and other artists that have inspired her and who died recently. A life-size bronze statue of Cornell was placed at Seattle Center in October Music journalists noted apparently coincidental relationships between Cornell's suicide and those of two other rock singers, one in the past and another shortly afterward, who also hanged themselves.
Theodore Decker of the Columbus Dispatch , the daily newspaper in Columbus, Ohio , where Cornell was due to play his next show, noted that Ian Curtis , the lead singer of the British post-punk band, Joy Division ,  whom Cornell had said in a Rolling Stone interview was popular with the members of Soundgarden,  took his life on May 18, , exactly 37 years before Cornell, and by the same method as well. Curtis, known for lyrics that, as Cornell's sometimes had, explored despair and depression, had become legendary as a result after his death, Decker recalled.
However, Stephen Morris , one of Curtis's bandmates who later became New Order recalled Curtis not as the "brooding rock deity" Decker said he became posthumously but as "an ordinary bloke just like you or me. Two months after Cornell's death, on July 20, , the day that would have been Cornell's 53rd birthday, Chester Bennington , lead singer of Linkin Park , also died by suicide by hanging. Bennington's Linkin Park bandmate Mike Shinoda said that the singer had been unable to complete a performance of the band's song "One More Light", about the death of a friend, both in rehearsals and live, when they appeared on Jimmy Kimmel Live!
The singer [Cornell] just buries me. The guy sings so great. In a interview, Ronnie James Dio stated, "I think Chris Cornell is such a great singer, and those guys [from Soundgarden] write so well and always write well — I mean, I love what he's done with Audioslave and the things he's done since then. He added, "I'm really a huge fan of him, and everything that he has done. I just think all around that he is an extremely talented artist, songwriter, singer, and guitar player. He can do so many different things to evoke emotion.
From the soulfulness, to the top end of his range when he gets metal and aggressive, to his choice of melodies and how the melody in itself, despite what he's saying, can incite emotion. I think he'll go down in history as one of the greats. After hearing about his death, Alice Cooper stated: "Chris Cornell, in our circle, was known as 'The Voice' because he had the best voice in rock and roll.
I was lucky enough to write and record two songs with him. His death comes as a total shock to all of us.
- Etruscan Religion.
- Black Diamond (Cougar In Solitude Book 1).
Soon after Cornell's death, Living Colour guitarist Vernon Reid added: "There are barely any words to describe my grief over the loss of Chris Cornell His impact as a singer, songwriter and guitarist will be felt for generations to come. Jimi Hendrix could play the guitar like crazy, but Chris had the song-writing chops that we all sort of hoped to get to at different points in our songwriting careers.
He had a way he could wrap a melody around odd time signatures and weird parts and make them catchy. He was a beautiful wordsmith. If you look at his lyrics, he obviously was processing his pain and depression, and all of those things. I think that's part of what people, myself included, responded to when he was singing. With the songwriting he had that voice, there's not too many people that have that many options with their voice.
He could do a lot of different things with it, and have a lot of different characters in that voice. I feel so lucky that I got to be in a project with him, got to hang out with him, and just sort of witness his greatness.
On platforms like Spotify, Apple Music and Pandora, his songs were streamed The charting week prior to that, his tracks were played five million times. Cornell released five solo albums. Soundgarden produced six albums, five EPs and two greatest hits compilations. He released three albums with Audioslave and one album with Temple of the Dog. Despite this large discography, Cornell only released one retrospective compilation, which was given a limited release. Cornell also produced the Screaming Trees album Uncle Anesthesia.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American singer-songwriter, musician. Seattle, Washington , U. Detroit, Michigan , U. Susan Silver m. Vicky Karayiannis m. Alternative metal heavy metal grunge alternative rock  hard rock. Heart Mad Season. Main article: Soundgarden.
The song's intro features Kim Thayil blowing across his guitar strings. The song was written by Cornell and blends acoustic and electric instrumentation. From the live album Chris Cornell: Unplugged in Sweden. Main article: Audioslave. Main article: Center for Disease Control Boys. Main article: Temple of the Dog. The song was written by Cornell and features a duet between Cornell and Eddie Vedder. Main article: Alice Mudgarden. Main article: Chris Cornell discography. Main article: Soundgarden discography. Main article: Audioslave discography. Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Chris Cornell.
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the descent to tin mandir part three Manual
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