Manual Balinese Architecture Discover Indonesia (Discover Indonesia Series)

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Read on to find out! Besides art and culture, Yogyakarta is also known for its beautiful beaches of the south seas and a collection of amazing natural landscapes rarely found elsewhere. Discover these amazing things to do in Lombok - the fieriest island in Indonesia. While others try to keep them a secret, we share them all.

Visit them before others do! From having your own private dining on water the middle of nowhere to getting a meal by the stunning cliffside, we leave you to judge these hidden restaurants where you can dine with insanely gorgeous views. You can dine and enjoy breathtaking views from the hills, of the city lights, by the lake and even paddy fields in Bandung!

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Now that you have decided to make a trip down to Yogyakarta for its culture and awe-inspiring natural attractions, take a look at these lovely boutique hotels in Yogyakarta you never knew existed! Want to take a trip to Gili islands, but unsure of how to get there and what to do? Ever dreamed of spending a night on an overwater bungalow and be greeted by the scenic ocean view every day? Bali Beach and Islands Nature. Special rates of Rp. Do check with the locals for directions when you reach Musi Village.

Maps coordinates here. Coordinates here. Bunut Bolong Tree More info tap to expand. Address : Soka Beach, Jl. Raya Denpasar Gilimanuk, Tabanan, Bali. Mid-range and luxury resorts can be found on the northwestern coast of Bali near the West Bali National park and the Pemuteran area.

Discover Indonesia: Round-trip Bali

Boats depart from Pemuteran each day for dive and snorkel tours to Menjangan. Recommended tour operators: A tour operator is a must for getting out to Menjangan and a snorkel guide is a good idea for less experienced snorkellers. Menjangan Diving and Blue Season come highly recommended. Reaching the snorkel site: Tour boats regularly drop off divers and snorkelers on top of the wall at Pos Dua after the short boat ride from the mainland.

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Other tips: To get to the Pemuteran resort area, there is a public bus available from Ubung Terminal 15km from the airport to the port town of Gilimanuk. From there, you have to catch a bemo the next 10 to 15km to the resort area. Much easier is negotiating with one of the private taxis, or organising transport with your resort. Hiring private transport or a shuttle bus is recommended. Recommended tour operators: A tour operator is a must for getting out to Menjangan and a snorkel guide is a good idea for less experienced snorkelers.

Reaching the snorkel site: The Coral Garden is very popular with snorkelers, and many of the local dive and tour boats run dedicated snorkel trips to the site. The native Indonesians tribes have their own distinct tribal sculpture styles, usually created to depict ancestors, deities and animals. The pre-Hindu-Buddhist and pre-Islamic sculptures can be traced in the artworks of indigenous Indonesian tribes. The most notable sculptures are those of Asmat wooden sculpture of Papua , the Dayak wooden mask and sculpture, the ancestral wooden statue of Toraja , also the totem-like sculpture of Batak and Nias tribe.

The stone sculpture artform particularly flourished in 8th-toth-century Java and Bali, which demonstrate the influences of Hindu-Buddhist culture, both as stand-alone works of art and also incorporated into temples. Most notable sculpture of classical Hindu-Buddhist era of Indonesia are the hundreds of meters of relief and hundreds of stone buddhas at the temple of Borobudur in central Java. Approximately two miles of exquisite relief sculpture tell the story of the life of Buddha and illustrate his teachings. The temple was originally home to statues of the seated Buddha.

This site, as with others in central Java, show a clear Indian influence. The examples of notable Indonesian Hindu-Buddhist sculptures are; the statues of Hindu deities; Shiva , Vishnu , Brahma , Durga , Ganesha and Agastya enthroned in rooms of Prambanan temples, the Vishnu mounting Garuda statue of king Airlangga , the exquisite statue of Eastern Javanese Prajnaparamita and 3. Today, the Hindu-Buddhist style stone sculptures are reproduced in villages in Muntilan near Borobudur also in Trowulan the former capital site of Majapahit in East Java, and Bali , and sold as garden or pool ornament statues for homes, offices and hotels.

Today in Indonesia, the richest, most elaborate and vivid wooden sculpture and wood carving traditions can be found in Bali and Jepara , Central Java. Balinese handicrafts such as sculptures, masks, and other carving artworks are popular souvenir for tourist that have visited Indonesia. On the other hand, the Jepara wood carving are famous for its elaborately carved wooden furnitures, folding screens also pelaminan gebyok wedding throne with carved background. For centuries, the Indonesian vernacular architecture has shaped settlements in Indonesia which commonly took form of timber structures built on stilts dominated by large roof.

The most dominant foreign influences on Indonesian architecture were Indian , although European influences have been particularly strong since the 19th century and modern architecture in Indonesia is international in scope. As in much of South East Asia , traditional vernacular architecture in Indonesia are built on stilts, with the significant exceptions of Java and Bali.

Oversized saddle roofs with large eaves, such as the homes of the Batak and the tongkonan of Toraja, are often bigger than the house they shelter. The fronts of Torajan houses are frequently decorated with buffalo horns, stacked one above another, as an indication of status. The outside walls also frequently feature decorative reliefs. The 8th-century Borobudur temple near Yogyakarta is the largest Buddhist temple in the world, and is notable for incorporating about 2, relief panels and Buddha statues into its structure, telling the story of the life of the Buddha. As the visitor ascends through the eight levels of the temple, the story unfolds, the final three levels simply containing stupas and statues of the Buddha.

The building is said to incorporate a map of the Buddhist cosmos and is a masterful fusion of the didactic narrative relief, spiritual symbolism, monumental design and the serene meditative environs. The whole monument itself resembles a giant stupa, but seen from above it forms a mandala. The nearby 9th-century temple complex at Prambanan contains some of the best preserved examples of Hindu temple architecture in Java. The temple complex comprises eight main shrines, surrounded by smaller shrines.

The Indian influence on the site is clear, not only in the style of the monument, but also in the reliefs featuring scenes from the Ramayana which adorn the outer walls of the main temples, and in the votive statuary found within. Indonesia is considered as home of world handicraft. These natural materials were crafted using hands into profitable and aesthetic items.

About half a billion dollar worth of handicraft is exported every year, and many more is consumed domestically. There are many varieties of handicraft from other regions. Several Indonesian islands are famous for their batik , ikat and songket cloth. Once on the brink of disappearing, batik and later ikat, found a new lease on life when former President Suharto promoted wearing batik shirts on official occasions.

In addition to the traditional patterns with their special meanings, used for particular occasions, batik designs have become creative and diverse over the last few years. Other noted Indonesian crafts are Jepara wood carving [16] and Kris. Pramoedya Ananta Toer was Indonesia's most internationally celebrated author, having won the Magsaysay Award as well as being considered for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Other important figures include the late Chairil Anwar , a poet and member of the " Generation 45 " group of authors who were active in the Indonesian independence movement.

Tight information controls during Suharto 's presidency suppressed new writing, especially because of its ability to agitate for social reform. In the book Max Havelaar , Dutch author Multatuli criticised the Dutch treatment of the Indonesians, which gained him international attention. Some of their works have translated to other languages.

There is a long tradition in Indonesia, particularly among ethnically Malay populations, of extemporary, interactive, oral composition of poetry. These poems are referred to as pantun. Many traditional games are still preserved and popular in Indonesia, although western culture has influenced some parts of them. Among three hundred officially recognised Indonesian cultures, there are many kinds of traditional games: cockfighting in Bali , annual bull races in Madura , and stone jumping in Nias. Stone jumping involves leaping over a stone wall about up to 1. Pencak Silat is another popular form of sport, which was influenced by Asian culture as a whole.

Another form of national sport is sepak takraw. Popular modern sports in Indonesia played at the international level include football soccer , badminton and basketball. Indonesian badminton athletes have played in Indonesia Open Badminton Championship , All England Open Badminton Championships , and many international events, including the Summer Olympics and won Olympic gold medals since badminton was made an Olympic sport in Rudy Hartono is a legendary Indonesian badminton player, who won All England titles seven times in a row through Indonesian teams have won the Thomas Cup men's world team championship thirteen of the twenty-two times that it has been contested since they entered the series in Indonesia has hosted the Southeast Asian Games four times, in , , and , and won overall champion title in each of these years.

As of , Indonesia has won champion titles 10 times overall out of 18 SEA Games it has attended since debuted in The country also hosted the Asian Basketball Championship.


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The cuisine of indonesia has been influenced by Chinese culture and Indian culture , as well as by Western culture. However, in return, Indonesian cuisine has also contributed to the cuisines of neighbouring countries, notably Malaysia and Singapore, where Padang or Minangkabau cuisine from West Sumatra is very popular. Also Satay Sate in Indonesian , which originated from Java, Madura, and Sumatra, has gained popularity as a street vendor food from Singapore to Thailand.

In the 15th century, both the Portuguese and Arab traders arrived in Indonesia with the intention of trading for pepper and other spices. During the colonial era , immigrants from many countries arrived in Indonesia and brought different cultures as well as cuisines.

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Most native Indonesians eat rice as the main dish, with a wide range of vegetables and meat as side dishes. However, in some parts of the country, such as Irian Jaya and Ambon , the majority of the people eat sago a type of tapioca and sweet potato. The most important aspect of modern Indonesian cuisine is that food must be halal , conforming to Islamic food laws. Haraam , the opposite of halal, includes pork and alcohol. However, in some regions where there is a significant non-Muslim population, non-halal foods are also commonly served.

Indonesian dishes are usually spicy, using a wide range of chili peppers and spices. The most popular dishes include nasi goreng fried rice , Satay , Nasi Padang a dish of Minangkabau and soy-based dishes, such as tofu and tempe. A unique characteristic of some Indonesian food is the application of spicy peanut sauce in their dishes, as a dressing for Gado-gado or Karedok Indonesian style salad , or for seasoning grilled chicken satay.


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  • Another unique aspect of Indonesian cuisine is using terasi or belacan , a pungent shrimp paste in dishes of sambal oelek hot pungent chili sauce. The sprinkling of fried shallots also gives a unique crisp texture to some Indonesian dishes. Chinese and Indian cultures have influenced the serving of food and the types of spices used.

    It is very common to find Chinese food in Indonesia such as Dim Sum and noodles , and Indian cuisine such as Tandoori chicken. In addition, Western culture has significantly contributed to the extensive range of dishes.

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    However, the dishes have been transformed to suit Indonesian tastes. For example, steaks are usually served with rice. Popular fast foods such as Kentucky Fried Chicken are served with rice instead of bread and sambal spicy sauce instead of ketchup. Some Indonesian foods have been adopted by the Dutch, like Indonesian rice table or 'rijsttafel'.

    The largest chain of cinemas in Indonesia is 21Cineplex, which has cinemas spread throughout twenty-four cities on the major islands of Indonesia. Many smaller independent cinemas also exist. In addition, mov to dominate Indonesian cinema. The industry started to recover in the late s, with the rise of independent directors and many new movies produced, such as Garin Nugroho 's Cinta dalam Sepotong Roti , Riri Riza and Mira Lesmana 's Petualangan Sherina and Arisan! It consists of a network of regional stations located in all thirty-three provinces of the archipelago.

    In most cities and large towns there are also many commercial stations. The Pancasila , the statement of two principles which encapsulate the ideology of the Indonesian state, affirms that "The state shall be based on the belief in the one and only God". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Etiquette in Indonesia.

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    Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main articles: Indonesian martial arts and Pencak Silat. See also: Indonesian art. See also: List of Indonesian painters. Main article: Indonesian architecture. Main article: Indonesian literature. Main article: Sport in Indonesia. Main article: Indonesian cuisine. Main article: Cinema of Indonesia. Main article: Television in Indonesia.

    Main articles: Religion in Indonesia and Indonesian philosophy. Main article: Public holidays in Indonesia. Indonesia portal Culture portal. Retrieved 21 August Archived from the original on 8 July Archived from the original on 4 April Retrieved 4 April Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. Singapore: Didier Millet, p.

    Indonesia Travel. Archived from the original on 14 April Retrieved 5 April Indonesian Ministry of Trade. February Archived PDF from the original on 10 October Retrieved 10 October