Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms and take a medical, psychiatric and social history.Voughts F-8 Crusader. Part Three: Marine Fighter Squadrons">here
How to overcome fear and anxiety
The best treatment for specific phobias is a form of psychotherapy called exposure therapy. Sometimes your doctor may also recommend other therapies or medication. Understanding the cause of a phobia is actually less important than focusing on how to treat the avoidance behavior that has developed over time. The goal of treatment is to improve quality of life so that you're no longer limited by your phobias.
Social anxiety disorder (social phobia) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
As you learn how to better manage and relate to your reactions, thoughts and feelings, you'll find that your anxiety and fear are reduced and no longer in control of your life. Treatment is usually directed at one specific phobia at a time. Talking with a mental health professional can help you manage your specific phobia. Exposure therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy are the most effective treatments.
Generally psychotherapy using exposure therapy is successful in treating specific phobias.
However, sometimes medications can help reduce the anxiety and panic symptoms you experience from thinking about or being exposed to the object or situation you fear. Medications may be used during initial treatment or for short-term use in specific, infrequently encountered situations, such as flying on an airplane, public speaking or going through an MRI procedure. Ask your doctor or other health care professional to suggest lifestyle and other strategies to help you manage the anxiety that accompanies specific phobias. For example:. Professional treatment can help you overcome your specific phobia or manage it effectively so you don't become a prisoner to your fears.
You can also take some steps on your own:. If your child's fears seem to be excessive, persistent and interfere with daily life, talk with your child's doctor for advice on whether professional diagnosis and treatment are indicated. If you've made the choice to seek help for a specific phobia, you've taken a huge first step. You may start by talking to your primary care doctor.
Depending on your situation, your doctor may refer you to a mental health professional for evaluation and treatment.
Be ready to answer your doctor's questions to reserve time to go over points you want to spend more time on. Your doctor may ask:. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. See if you recognize your responses in these examples below.
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A person with Panic Disorder gets tricked into holding her breath and fleeing the store highway, theater, or other locale , rather than shifting to Belly Breathing. A person with Generalized Anxiety Disorde r gets tricked into trying to stop the unwanted "what if? A person with Social Phobia gets tricked into avoiding the party, or hiding in the corner if he attends, rather than say hello to a stranger and see what happens.
A person with OCD gets tricked into repeatedly washing his hands, or returning home to check the stove, rather than accepting the intrusive thoughts of contamination and fire and returning his energies to the present activities at hand. A person with a dog phobia gets tricked into avoiding the feelings by avoiding all dogs, rather than spending time with a dog until the feelings pass.
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You might wonder, why don't people come to see this pattern, of repeated episodes of fear which don't lead to the feared outcome, and gradually lose their fear? The answer is this.
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They took these protective steps, and there was no catastrophe. They tend to believe that these steps "saved" them from a catastrophe.
What makes you afraid?
This thought makes them worry more about "the next time". It convinces them that they are terribly vulnerable and must constantly protect themselves. The actual reason they didn't experience a catastrophe is that such catastrophes are typically not part of a fear or phobia. These are anxiety disorders, not catastrophe disorders. People get through the experience because the experience isn't actually dangerous. But it's understandably hard for people to recognize that at the time. They're more likely to think they just had a "narrow escape".
This leads them to redouble their protective steps. It's the protective steps which actually maintain and strengthen the Anxiety Trick. If you think you just narrowly escaped a catastrophe because you had your cellular phone, or a water bottle; or because you went back and checked the stove seven times; or because you plugged in your iPod and distracted yourself with some music, then you're going to continue to feel vulnerable.
And you're going to get more stuck in the habit of "protecting" yourself by these means. This is how the problem gets embedded in your life. You think you're helping yourself, but you've actually been tricked into making it worse. That's how sneaky this Trick is. This is why my patients so often say, " the harder I try, the worse it gets ".
If the harder you try, the worse it gets, then you should take another look at the methods you've been using. You've probably been tricked into trying to protect yourself against something that isn't dangerous, and this makes your fear worse over time. The thing that makes fears and phobias so persistent is that virtually anything you do to oppose, escape, or distract from the anxious feelings and thoughts will be turned against you, and make the anxiety a more persistent part of your life. This is why people notice "the harder I try, the worse it gets".
They're putting out fires with gasoline. If you come to see that you've been putting out fires with gasoline, you may not have any idea what to do next. But the first step is always the same: put down the buckets. Stop throwing gasoline on that fire. This is where the cognitive behavioral methods of desensitization and exposure come in. They're intended as methods by which you can practice with not against the symptoms, and become less sensitive to them. As you lose your fear of the symptoms, through this practice, that's when the symptoms will fade.
All too often, people get the idea that exposure means going to a place or situation where you're likely to get anxious, perhaps a highway or an elevator, and take a ride without getting anxious. That's not the point!