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For a better shopping experience, please upgrade now. Javascript is not enabled in your browser. Enabling JavaScript in your browser will allow you to experience all the features of our site. Learn how to enable JavaScript on your browser. Baptists in America available in Hardcover. Bill J. Leonard's Baptists in America is amazingly comprehensive, engagingly relevant, and, typical of Leonard's work, artistically written.

Accessible to the historically curious layperson, the book will also effectively serve as a college and seminary text. His predominantly topical approach enriches the study of American Baptist history, and, I believe, helps to promise that his book will have long life and lots of use. See All Customer Reviews. Shop Textbooks. Add to Wishlist. USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly.

Temporarily Out of Stock Online Please check back later for updated availability. Overview Baptists are a study in contrasts. At first glance, Baptist theology seems classically Protestant in its emphasis on the Trinity, the incarnation of Jesus Christ, the authority of Scripture, salvation by faith alone, and baptism by immersion. Yet the interpretation and implementation of these beliefs have made Baptists one of the most fragmented denominations in the United States. White Baptist associations maintained some oversight of these churches. In the postwar years, freedmen quickly left the white congregations and associations, setting up their own churches.

In black state conventions united in the national Foreign Mission Convention, to support black Baptist missionary work. Two other national black conventions were formed, and in they united as the National Baptist Convention. This organization later went through its own changes, spinning off other conventions. It is the largest black religious organization and the second-largest Baptist organization in the world. A healthy Church kills error, and tears evil in pieces!

Not so very long ago our nation tolerated slavery in our colonies. Philanthropists endeavored to destroy slavery, but when was it utterly abolished? It was when Wilberforce roused the Church of God, and when the Church of God addressed herself to the conflict—then she tore the evil thing to pieces! Elsewhere in the Americas, in the Caribbean in particular, Baptist missionaries and members took an active role in the anti-slavery movement. In Jamaica, for example, William Knibb , a prominent British Baptist missionary, worked toward the emancipation of slaves in the British West Indies which took place in full in Knibb also supported the creation of " Free Villages " and sought funding from English Baptists to buy land for freedmen to cultivate; the Free Villages were envisioned as rural communities to be centred around a Baptist church where emancipated slaves could farm their own land.

Thomas Burchell , missionary minister in Montego Bay , also was active in this movement, gaining funds from Baptists in England to buy land for what became known as Burchell Free Village.


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Prior to emancipation, Baptist deacon Samuel Sharpe , who served with Burchell, organized a general strike of slaves seeking better conditions. It developed into a major rebellion of as many as 60, slaves, which became known as the Christmas Rebellion when it took place or the Baptist War. It was put down by government troops within two weeks.

During and after the rebellion, an estimated slaves were killed outright, with more than judicially executed later by prosecution in the courts, sometimes for minor offenses. Baptists were active after emancipation in promoting the education of former slaves; for example, Jamaica's Calabar High School , named after the port of Calabar in Nigeria, was founded by Baptist missionaries.

At the same time, during and after slavery, slaves and free blacks formed their own Spiritual Baptist movements - breakaway spiritual movements which theology often expressed resistance to oppression. In the American South the interpretation of the American Civil War, abolition of slavery and postwar period has differed sharply by race since those years. Americans have often interpreted great events in religious terms.

Historian Wilson Fallin contrasts the interpretation of Civil War and Reconstruction in white versus black memory by analyzing Baptist sermons documented in Alabama. Soon after the Civil War, most black Baptists in the South left the Southern Baptist Convention, reducing its numbers by hundreds of thousands or more. God had chastised them and given them a special mission — to maintain orthodoxy, strict biblicism, personal piety, and "traditional" race relations.

Slavery, they insisted, had not been sinful. Rather, emancipation was a historical tragedy and the end of Reconstruction was a clear sign of God's favor. Black preachers interpreted the Civil War, Emancipation and Reconstruction as: "God's gift of freedom. They took opportunities to exercise their independence, to worship in their own way, to affirm their worth and dignity, and to proclaim the fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man.

Most of all, they quickly formed their own churches, associations, and conventions to operate freely without white supervision.

I. Executive Summary

These institutions offered self-help and racial uplift, a place to develop and use leadership, and places for proclamation of the gospel of liberation. As a result, black preachers said that God would protect and help him and God's people; God would be their rock in a stormy land. The Southern Baptist Convention supported white supremacy and its results: disenfranchising most blacks and many poor whites at the turn of the 20th century by raising barriers to voter registration, and passage of racial segregation laws that enforced the system of Jim Crow.

On 20 June , the Southern Baptist Convention voted to adopt a resolution renouncing its racist roots and apologizing for its past defense of slavery. More than 20, Southern Baptists registered for the meeting in Atlanta. The resolution declared that messengers, as SBC delegates are called, "unwaveringly denounce racism, in all its forms, as deplorable sin" and "lament and repudiate historic acts of evil such as slavery from which we continue to reap a bitter harvest.

The statement sought forgiveness "from our African-American brothers and sisters" and pledged to "eradicate racism in all its forms from Southern Baptist life and ministry. The resolution marked the denomination's first formal acknowledgment that racism played a role in its founding.

Southern Baptist Landmarkism sought to reset the ecclesiastical separation which had characterized the old Baptist churches, in an era when inter-denominational union meetings were the order of the day. The rise of theological modernism in the latter 19th and early 20th centuries also greatly affected Baptists.

The Northern Baptist Convention in the United States had internal conflict over modernism in the early 20th century, ultimately embracing it.

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Following similar conflicts over modernism, the Southern Baptist Convention adhered to conservative theology as its official position. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Denomination of Protestant Christianity. For the Christian sacrament, see Baptism. For other uses, see Baptist disambiguation. Christianity Protestantism Puritanism Anabaptism. Priesthood of all believers Individual soul liberty Separation of church and state Sola scriptura Congregationalism Ordinances Offices Confessions.

Key figures.

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Billy Graham. Baptist denominations Baptist colleges and universities Baptist World Alliance. Major branches. Minor branches. Broad-based movements. Evangelicalism Charismatic movement Neo-charismatic movement. Other developments. Related movements.

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Nondenominational churches House churches. Main article: Baptist successionism. See also: English Dissenters. See also: Baptists in Ukraine. International associations. Middle East. Latin America. North America. Christian denominations in Australia Australian interchurch. Catholic Church in Australia. Anglican Church of Australia. Holiness and Pietist. Historical Protestantism. Eastern Christian.

Antiochian Orthodox of Australia and New Z.

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Pentecostal and related. LDS Church. Christian denominations in Canada v t e. Canadian interchurch. Christian denominations in Ireland v t e. Irish interchurch. New Zealand. Christian denominations in New Zealand New Zealand interchurch. Catholic Church in New Zealand. Anglican Church of New Zealand.

Christian denominations in Nigeria Nigerian interchurch. African initiated. Baptist , Anabaptist , DC. Holiness and Methodist. Presbyterian and Reformed. Other Protestant. South Africa. Christian denominations in South Africa South African interchurch. South African Council of Churches. Catholic Church in South Africa. Holiness and AIC. Apostolic Faith Mission [ Assemblies of God ]. Protestantism, Other. United Kingdom. Christian denominations in the United Kingdom v t e. British interchurch. Lutheran Church in Great Britain.

Methodist and Holiness. New Church Movement. Newfrontiers Pioneer Church. Eastern Orthodox Greek Orthodox of G. United States. Christian denominations in the United States American interchurch. Anabaptist and Friends. Catholic Church in the United States. See also: List of Christian denominations by number of members and List of Baptist denominations.

Main article: Baptist beliefs.

See also: Christian views on slavery. Further information: Landmarkism. Further information: Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy. Retrieved 16 January Lewis Colby. It is, however, well known by the community at home and abroad, that from a very early period they have been divided into two parties, which have been denominated General and Particular , which differ from each other mainly in their doctrinal sentiments; the Generals being Arminians, and the other, Calvinists.

Baptists in North America: an historical perspective. Blackwell Publishing. Papers at ETS examine Baptist origins". Baptist Press. Archived from the original on 19 June Baptist Ways: A History. Baptist History and Heritage Society. Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 10 January Emerald House. Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 23 December Spring The Reformed Reader. Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 19 October University Press: Cambridge. The Sermons of Henry Alline.

Archived from the original on 18 October Retrieved 28 October Archived from the original on 20 April Retrieved 20 April Louis, MO, is an example of an independent Baptist church that has never been a denominational church in the sense of belonging to some convention or association. London Baptist Association". LBA official website. Archived from the original on 28 May Retrieved 28 May Washington Post.


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Retrieved 4 November Retrieved 6 April Baptist World Alliance. Archived from the original on 27 June Church Manual For Baptist Churches. The Judson Press. Retrieved 8 November Southern Baptist Convention. Retrieved 17 January