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Easily accessible and visible. Fixed location at the bottom of the page. Slide up functionality Further customizable with CMS block for promotions Clear all functionality for privacy. Customers can easily re-find, recently viewed products. Integration with the Magento 2 Social Login extension. Configure the Advanced Recently Viewed extension. Display On - Choose the pages on which the extension is visible. Show Attributes - Choose attributes to be displayed.

Show Buttons - Choose buttons to be displayed. The block is only visible when the user is signed in, and it can be integrated with the Social Login module. If the user is not signed in, and the Social Login extension is enabled and configured, the user will be given the possibility of logging in via their Social Media accounts or email. Note: Once enabled, a dropdown will appear.

If Desktop images are added to the block, the class should be: arv-desktop-img class. For a mobile image, the class used is: arv-mobile-img. The account creation and login process can often be lengthy, the user might also forget the password to login, or even worse, struggle to remember the username or email associated with the account.

Using social logins or social sign-in is a great way to simplify the login and registration process. We've integrated these functionalities for you to be able to maximize account creation and valid email newsletter subscription rate right from the moment customers land on your website! There are major benefits to these integrations as they enable you to expand your customer base by allowing your users to easily create accounts while you capture valid email addresses and subscribe them right away to your newsletter list.

Your customers will also have a better omnichannel experience with easy access to their recently viewed products regardless of their device or browser as soon as they signup. When customers log in with their social credentials, their user profile is automatically populated with name, avatar, and more - saving them time and maximize profile completion! The Social Login Analytics Dashboard helps you better understand your user base. The detailed reports by Social Platform helps you understand how many and what percentage of your customers prefer using one social network VS another.

It will also give you visibility into which social networks your customers are using so you can strategize into investing more effort into those channels. You will also be able to conduct a deeper analysis of which customer demographic has the most orders, purchases the most items as well as which generates the most revenue. Configuring the Facebook API. We try to provide an explicit social media account dashboard configuration, however, sometimes, the platforms update their layouts and this is something that is out of our control.

Just reach out via support and let us know if we need to update any information. Configuring the Instagram API. To submit the Client for review, hit Manage on your Client and head over to Permissions. After that, click on Start a Submission. Select "My app allows people to login with Instagram and share their own content". You should then be ready to send in the submission. Configuring the Google API. Configuring the Amazon API. Configuring the Twitter API. Live mode troubleshooting: If you're receiving an error while your App is in Live mode, make sure the App allows the "Email" information to be requested.

If the option is greyed out, you may need to submit your App for review. Increase chances of converting by allowing users to compile lists of products into multiple wishlists! Users can create as many wishlists as they need. This comes in handy for keeping everything neat, tidy and organized! Once the lists are created, they can easily be shared with friends and family via the Share buttons. Help get your customers from the wishlist to the shopping cart by automatically notifying them of price drops and discounts!

Let your users create new Wishlists while adding items to existing ones, without having to go through the hassle of accessing their account! Give users maximum freedom when organizing their wishlists by allowing them to move items directly from one Wishlist to the other! Help your customers better organize their future purchases with our Magento 2 Wishlist Extension.

By allowing them to compile lists of products into multiple wishlists, you increase their chances of converting! The Multiple Wishlist Extension for Magento 2 offers full flexibility. Customers can create as many wishlist pages as they need. Pages are easy to create, edit, and delete when done. This comes in handy for organizing gift ideas for many people, or furniture planning for several rooms in a home. They can gather ideas, plan, execute, and move on! With the Magento 2 Multiple Wishlist Extension your customers will be able to customize their lists to best suit their needs.

They can organize by activity running, outdoor, yoga , category shoes, apparel, electronics, etc , or event birthdays, holidays, parties. The better lists customers can create, the better their chances of purchase. Once the lists are created, they can easily be shared with friends and family. The Magento Share Wishlist feature comes in handy when planning gifts for family members or when consulting on a big purchase. Now they can add products to their wishlist or favorite list much smoother. Less time waiting for annoying page reloads means more time planning that big project! Help get your customers from the wishlist to the shopping cart.

Automatically notify them of any upcoming price drops, discounts, or promotions on their selected products. Note: You'll need a Javascript code from Sharethis in order to enable the buttons. To get the code, follow the steps presented in the panels below. If you have the User Profile extension configured, you can also choose to make your Wishlist Private or Public. Note: In order for this feature to work, you'll need to have a cronjob configured on the server, and specify a valid cron schedule expression in the Cron job Frequency box.

You can verify the schedule expression here. Note: If the Share Wishlist functionality is disabled, the Share buttons will be removed, and the people customers have already shared the wishlist with will no longer have access to it. If you have multiple store-views and you are working on all of them in the same time you may want to use SSH regeneration as it's faster. Based on the admin settings LESS files are generated. Yes, starting with Pearl Theme version 1. You don't need to switch between Production mode and Developer Mode to make theme changes, it's enough to regenerate theme cache.

Try clearing also Magento Cache. Clearing Pearl Theme cache does not replace the need to clear magento cache or other caches you might use. Try clearing Browser Cache also, the page content may be cached by your machine browser. Make sure you are making the changes on the coresponding store-view you verify in the store front. Product Page changes needs to be made on the store-view level and not globally. Multi-store licensing. No worries, most probably is one of below issues:. Some servers may have high security configurations and may limit the functionality of GUI browser Installer.

In case you are using Bitnami you may experience some installation issues due to how this server image is configured. Based on the feedback from other users we've put together an article explaining the most common permission problems encountered, check it out here Bitnami AWS - Installation issues with Magento 2 Theme or Extensions.

If this is causing to much server configuration trouble, try choosing a different hosting solution optimised for Magento 2. This article may help: Choosing the right Magento 2 hosting. CSS needs to be generated for each store-view if using multiple stores. Starting with Pearl Theme release 1. For this reason, a different approach is necessary when using the theme on multiple store views.

Why is it necessary? We encourage you to visit our: Support Knowledge Base as it is constantly updated. Here you can find answers on different topics or you can engage and consult with WeltPixel Community users already using our products. Developer Corner. Toggle navigation. Pearl Theme for Magento 2. User Guide. Version 1. Fast and light code - unnecessary sections or extensions from Pearl Theme theme can be disabled. Easy debugging - each section of the theme can be disabled in order to identify a potential issue.

Easily replace sections of the theme with other 3rd party functionalityes, easy integration without any coding needed. Disable any Design Elements that you don't use from admin options and coresponding code will not be loaded. Not only the theme and extensions are highly modular but also the all design elements included in the theme. Magento Compatibility. Compatible Browswers: Chrome: starting with version 40 Firefox: starting with version 35 Safari: starting with version 7 Opera: starting with version 23 IE: starting with version 11 Edge: starting with version 38 Magento Marketplace.

Quick Installation. Note: This step is required even if cache is disabled. Step 4. Pearl Theme is installed and your store should already be looking awesome! Pearl Theme. SSH Installation Steps. Magento Commerce Cloud Installation. Please find below deploy hook structure of. The hooks executed at various points in the lifecycle of the application.

Theme layout Pre-configuration via SSH Page layout configuration can be done also from Magento Admin, if you want to customize the theme using Pearl Theme admin options skip below instructions and continue to Step 4. Magento Marketplace Installation. Connect Marketplace account. Syncronize purchased extensions. Select the theme for installation. Compatibility Check Click the Next button in order to proceed with Step 1 of the installer. Step 5. Installation Process The installation process can take a couple of minutes. Step 6. Add Sample Pictures. Step 7. Activate Pearl Theme.

Theme Layout Pre-Configuration or restore to default. Upgrade Theme. How to update Pearl Theme to latest version. Customize Theme optional Check out in below sections how to make customisations to Pearl Theme if needed. You can translate Pearl Theme by following next steps: 1. Go to the root of your magento installation 'yourmgentoinstall. Find the generated dictionary. Make sure all the strings in your. Refresh all Magento caches and check results. You can translate a WeltPixel module by following next steps: 1. Copy the content of this file in a new.

You can change Pearl Theme logo by following next steps: Step 1. Your awesome logo is now applied! Frontend Options. In this tab you can setup general settings for the frontend of the theme. Headings H1 up to H6 and Paragraphs. Important to select also 'Character Set' for the new font, in order for font to change. For example: underline, overline or line-through.

Default Buttons. Primary Buttons. Form inputs. Custom Header In this area you can customize the header and choose from 4 different header styles already prepared. Header Version 1. Header Version 2. Header Version 4. General Settings. Top Header. Middle Header. Version 1 is configurable with all below options. Search Version 2 has a predefined design. Header Navigation.

For example: 0px 10px 30px 0 px rgba 0,0,0,0. Prefooter and Footer. Category Page. General Options.

Item Options. Item Image Options. Item Name Options. Item Review Options. Item Price Options. Item Swatch Options. Layered Navigation Swatch Options. Custom Link option. Product page. In this area you can customize the look and feel of the product page. Product Page Version 1. Product Page Version 3. Product Page Version 4. Based on your selection you can further customize how the product page looks and works. This settings is applied only on desktop, on mobile devices the columns will automatically take advantage of the responsive design.

Gallery Fullscreen. Magnifier Options. With this intuitive option users can zoom into your product by simply mousing over them. Swatch Options. CSS Options. Using Widgets you can insert several types of blocks in your static pages. Icon Widget. Insert a WeltPixel Icon Widget to display Icons in you page, from a very wide list of Icons, by following this steps: 1. Go to Content tab and place place the cursor where you wish to have the widget in your page, then click Insert Widget button 3. Select WeltPixel Icon widget and you will be able to customize it in the Widget Options area: Select Icon: select the icon you wish to display on the page.

You can name your custom class, for example: my-class Custom CSS: here you can customize the class with the name from the above field. You can set the color of the icon, for example:. Click Insert Widget button and the widget code will be placed in your page content 5. Save Page and check results in your store frontend. Heading Widget. You can find lots of styles for you headings to insert them in your pages as you desire.

To insert an Heading Widget follow this steps: 1. Select WeltPixel Heading widget and you will be able to customize it in the Widget Options area: Select Style: select the style for you heading. Go to the presented link to preview how the styles look. For example, to change the subtitle color:. Divider Widget. Insert a WeltPixel Divider Widget to display dividers in your page. To insert a Divider Widget follow this steps: 1. Select WeltPixel Divider widget and you will be able to customize it in the Widget Options area: Select Style: select the style for you divider.

Go to the presented link to view the list of dividers. Select Icon: select the icon you wish to display on the divider. Go to the presented link to preview the list of icons Custom class: set a custom class to be able to customize it in the Custom CSS field. You can name your custom class, for example: my-class Custom CSS: here you can make advanced customization for the heading. Brands Widget. Insert a WeltPixel Brands Widget to display a list of brands in your page. You can view lots of dividers ready for you to insert them in your pages as you desire.

Follow this steps to create a block containing the images: 1. Fill in all necessary data for the new block 3. In the Content area insert one by one the images, using Insert Image button 4. Click Save Block Note: You can make each image to be a link if you use the href tag. Follow this steps: 1. Select WeltPixel Divider widget and you will be able to customize it in the Widget Options area: Select Style: select the style for your brands section. Go to the presented link to preview the styles available. Block: select the block with the images, previously created 4. Toggles Widget.

Insert a WeltPixel Toggle Widget to display toggles in your page. You can choose from different toggles style ready for you to insert them in your pages. Before creating a Toggle Widget you have to create a block with the content of the toggle. Follow this steps to create a block with the content: 1. In the Content area insert your content and images as you wish 4. Go to Content tab and place place the cursor where you wish to have the toggle widget in your page, then click Insert Widget button 3. Select WeltPixel Toggle widget and you will be able to customize it in the Widget Options area: Select Style: select the style for you toggle.

Go to the presented link to preview the list of toggles. Background Color: set the background color for toggles with background Border Color: set border color for toggles with borders Open Icon: set the icon name displayed when the toggle is open Close Icon: set the icon name displayed when the toggle is closed Title: set title of the toggle Block: set previously created block 4. Accordions Widget. Insert a WeltPixel Accordions Widget to display accordions in your page. You can choose from different accordions styles ready for you to insert them in your pages.

Before creating an Accordion Widget you can create a block with the content of the accordion. Go to Content tab and place place the cursor where you wish to have the accordion widget in your page, then click Insert Widget button 3. Select WeltPixel Accordion widget and you will be able to customize it in the Widget Options area: Select Style: select the style for your toggle. Go to the presented link to preview the list of accordions. Background Color: set the background color for accordion with background Border Color: set border color for accordion with borders Block set previously created block 4.

Included Extensions. Quick View allows users to get a quick look of products without opening the product page. Configure everything in less than 1 minute. If you enter 0, it will remain open until you close it. Besides listing pages, quick view functionality can also be used in lookbooks, cms pages, blocks or anywhere in your magento2 store. Check live quick view functionality on Pearl Theme presentation page. You can see quick view in action by clicking "Buy Now" button.

How to configure quick view on cms pages or blocks: 1. Put your final code in the content of your specific page or block. How to configure quick view as hotspots on lookbooks: You can add the quick view hotspot functionality by following next steps: 1. Go to your CMS page which is the lookbook 2. Click Insert Widget button 3. Complete the hotspot configuration 5. Multiple hotspots can be inserted in one image. About Banner Slider For Magento 2. Highlight your promotion, campaign or any events by using banner slider Direct customer attention to special offers Easily insert sliders using magento widgets, no coding needed Automate promotions by scheduling banners visibility Create Banner Sliders with the following content: Images Separate Mobile and Desktop Image now available in Pro version Videos Links Buttons Description Custom Content.

Banner Slider Features. Responsive design with slider breakpoint control. Banners can be displayed on any CMS, product and category page Banner scheduling - each banner may be scheduled to be activated and deactivated at specific time Feature amazing images and videos - create a unique experience for your customers and grow engagement Full control over Slider behaviour with functionalities as autoplay, lazyload, loop,transition effect, autoplay hover pause. Gesture support — mobile friendly; Add custom CSS and HTML content for each banner Easy to use - insert slider using magento widgets, no coding needed, unlimited banners.

About Owl Product Carousel for Magento 2. Advanced settings for enhanced flexibility. Unique settings for each carousel slider. Unlimited products display. Control number of items to display on desktop, tablet and mobile devices. Navigation arrows visibility control on desktop, tablet and mobile devices. Navigation dots visibility control on desktop, tablet and mobile devices. Autoplay with speed control. Mouse over stop. Loop control. Lazy load control. Very lightweight. Hover Image - show a second product image on mouse hover now available in Pro version.

How to create a Banner Slider. In next steps you will be able to set slider item numbers for each breakpoint. Alt Text - set alternative text if the Banner if an Image; it will show on image hover as tooltip. Banner class - here you can view the name of the Wrapper class of the current banner. It can be used in Custom Content field to style each banner from the slider. The name of the class is displayed only after you save the banner. Example of custom CSS:. Banner Valid To - end date for banner to be displayed in Slider.

Step 3: Create and configure your slider a. Note: Only available if Transition: Slide and Center:False Margin - right margin of banners present in slider in px , by setting this parameter you define the space between banners present in slider. Images outside of viewport are not loaded until user scrolls to the items.

If necessary you can change default settings with the ones you require in your project. Choose the banners you want to display in your slider. Fill in the banners order in the slider, starting with position 0. Step 5 : Insert the slider in your page You can insert multiple sliders in your pages. Advanced Settings: Advanced users can insert sliders pages that do not have an admin editor by inserting a custom code in the corresponding phtml file. Inserting Slider code in phtml file 1.

Note: Options set on breakpoints area will overwrite the general carousel options. Sale Products Carousel - will be populated with products defined as Sale in your magento catalog. Best Sell Products Carousel - will be dynamically populated with best selling products based on your magento admin statistics make sure magento statistics are activated and products are visible in catalog in order to show up. Recently Viewed Products Carousel - will be dynamically populated with products that users visit in your store while they are logged in Related Products Carousel - makes sense only on product page, will be populated with related products defined in magento catalog for each specific product.

Upsell Products Carousel - makes sense only on product page, will be populated with upsell products defined in magento catalog for each specific product Cross-sell Products Carousel - makes sense only on product page, will be populated with cross-sell products defined in magento catalog for each specific product Note If no products are available to populate a carousel then the carousel will not be displayed in frontend Custom Category Carousel - carousel will be populated with products from specified category.

This value should be smaller than Max Items. Note: This setting is overwritten by responsive settings. Margin - Set right side margin for each item in carousel. Example: for a margin of 30px enter 30 in the field. Images outside of viewport are not loaded until user scrolls to them. The products from selected category will be added in this carousel.

Hit 'Insert Widget' Save the page and check results. My carousel is not showing up, help!? About Google Analytics For Magento 2. Made for Web Merchandisers. Web Merchandisers question: "How visitors are navigating through my web store, which categories are the most visited, which products are the most often clicked through from a certain category based on their position? Am I recommending the right products? Made for Ecommerce Manager. Ecommerce Manager question: "I have many coupon codes and they are posted all over the Internet! How can I understand which coupon from which marketing channel performed the best?

So Buttons #1 by Jonathan Baylis

Ecommerce Manager question: "I am wondering if my website is intuitive enough, is my checkout process easy to follow? Are my customers getting stuck in the purchase funnel? Ecommerce Manager question: "All the sudden I started selling a product that never got sold before! How can I find out which marketing channel helped me sell this product? Ecommerce Manager question: "My homepage has multiple banners in the slider, are people actually seeing my 4th slide?

Are they clicking through? Ecommerce Manager question: "How can spending on traditional marketing channels, such as search engines, comparison engines, emails and affiliates be tied to ROI or optimize? After you click you will find the Tracking ID you need. Hit Save Config button. You will be notified about the Variables, Triggers and Tags created.

Make sure to publish your container. However, real time data shoud be visible right away if your account is correctly setup. Step 8. Checkout Steps E-Commerce setup. Step 9. In order to activate your conversion sections of your Google Analytics dashboard you have to: a. Enable Ecommerce b. Enable Enhanced Ecommerce Reporting c. Save Ecommerce set-up. How can I identify how many steps my store has?

Step Go to your GTM dashboard and enable preview mode. Go to your store and with the preview mode enabled proceed to checkout. Make sure you have at least one product in the shopping cart! Make sure you are using the same browser for enabling preview mode and the debugging of your checkout steps. You will find that under Checkout - Data layer, each step that has loaded can be seen as in our example. Step 1 Shipping Address. Next, we'll need to head to the following step of the checkout process, which, in our case is the Shipping Methods section, make sure you select an option and click the Next button.

In the preview window you will see two new events fired, a new checkout event for step 2 as well as the option associated with this step. Just make a note of it, as it will have to be added to the Google Analytics checkout funnel as well. Since Step 2 has multiple shipping methods, in our example, in the Checkout Option section of the GTM debugger, you can find out more specific details about the selected shipping option.

In our checkout funnel the next step is to select Payment Method. We select the payment method and click on the Place Order button. By pushing the Place Order button we are redirected to the checkout success page and we've successfully identified this step as well as being Step 3 Payment Method by following the same process explained in the sections above.

Configure Google Analytics checkout behavior. Each group should have a unique value. If you choose this method, default settings will be applied. See options section for examples how to customize by changing defaults, using data-options attribute or by initializing with JavaScript. Info Sometimes you have multiple links pointing to the same source and that creates duplicates in the gallery.

To avoid that, simply use data-fancybox-trigger attribute with the same value used for data-fancybox attribute for your other links. Optionally, use data-fancybox-index attribute to specify index of starting element:. Select your elements with a jQuery selector you can use any valid selector and call the fancybox method:. Info Sometimes you might need to bind fancybox to dynamically added elements. Use selector option to attach click event listener for elements that exist now or in the future. All selected items will be automatically grouped in the gallery. You can also open and close fancybox programmatically.

Here are a couple of examples, visit API section for more information and demos. If it cannot be detected, the type can also be set manually using data-type attribute or type option. For your convenience, there is a built in support for inline content and ajax. The standard way of using fancybox is with a number of thumbnail images that link to larger images:. By default, fancybox fully preloads an image before displaying it.

You can choose to display the image right away. It will render and show the full size image while the data is being received.

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To do so, some attributes are necessary:. You can also use these width and height properties to control size of the image. This can be used to make images look sharper on retina displays. You can use this to improve download times for mobile users and over time save bandwidth. It is also possible to protect images from downloading by right-click. While this does not protect from truly determined users, it should discourage the vast majority from ripping off your files. Optionally, put the watermark over image. Use data-width and data-height attributes to customize video dimensions and data-ratio for the aspect ratio.

Keep in mind, that due to same origin policy , there are some limitations. It is important that site maps be updated whenever the site is updated. For example, a Web page is not a valid site map when any one of the following is true:. The site map shows the different sections of the Web site, and shows some of the substructure within those sections.

The site map for an on-line magazine lists all the sections of the magazine and the subsections in each section. Usability Glossary: sitemap. For each page in the site, check that the page can be reached by following some set of links that start at the site map. A table of contents provides links to sections and subsections of the same document.

The information in the document is usually organized hierarchically, and is intended to be read sequentially. Just as there could be many books in a library, each with its own table of contents, a Web site may contain many documents, each with its own table of contents. The table of contents typically includes only major sections of the document, though in some cases an expanded table of contents that provides a more detailed view of a complex document may be desirable. The sections of the document could be located on the same Web page or divided into multiple Web pages. A table of contents is particularly useful when a document is divided into multiple Web pages.

There is a distinction between a table of contents and other Navigational elements such as a Navigation Bar or Site Map. A table of contents provides links to sections of the same document. Those sections could be located on the same Web page or spread across multiple Web pages. But together, they make a complete idea.

To better understand this, consider a hard copy book which has sections. Each section belongs to the book. There could be many books in a library. In this example, the "library" is the entire Web site. The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2. The hierarchy of the table of contents reflects the organization of the sections, and each item in the table of contents is a link that takes the user directly to that section.

Check that the values and order of the entries in the table of contents correspond to the names and order of the sections of the document. A breadcrumb trail helps the user to visualize how content has been structured and how to navigate back to previous Web pages, and may identify the current location within a series of Web pages. A breadcrumb trail either displays locations in the path the user took to reach the Web page, or it displays the location of the current Web page within the organization of the site.


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Breadcrumb trails are implemented using links to the Web pages that have been accessed in the process of navigating to the current Web page. They are placed in the same location within each Web page in the set. It can be helpful to users to separate the items in the breadcrumb trailing with a visible separator. A developer searches within the Web site of an authoring tool manufacturer to find out how to create hyperlinks.

The search results bring him to a Web page with specific instructions for creating hyperlinks using the authoring tool. It contains the following links to create a breadcrumb trail:. In this example the breadcrumb trail does not contain the title of the current Web page, "How to create hyperlinks". That information is available as the title of the Web page. A photographer's portfolio Web site has been organized into different galleries and each gallery has further been divided into categories. A user who navigates through the site to a Web page containing a photo of a Gentoo penguin would see the following breadcrumb trail at the top of the Web page:.

All of the items except "Gentoo Penguin" are implemented as links. The current location, Gentoo Penguin, is included in the breadcrumb trail but it is not implemented as a link. The information architecture of an ecommerce Web site is categorized from general to increasingly more specific product subsections. The trail begins with "You are here" and ends with the current page. Items in the trail are clickable or tappable links with the exception of "You are here" and "Laptops.

In this example a h2 element, a nav element with an aria-label attribute, and an unordered list are used to provide semantics. The markup would be styled using CSS to display the breadcrumb trail horizontally. Working example: Breadcrumb example. HTML5 Bread crumb navigation.

Check that the breadcrumb trail displays the correct navigational sequence to reach the current location or the correct hierarchical path to the current location within the site structure. For a breadcrumb trail that does not include the current location:. This technique provides a short text alternative for Live audio-only and live video-only content.

This text may be used in combination with a full text alternative for time-based media for audio or video , or in combination with audio description for video. Those alternatives, however, are not part of this technique. The purpose of this technique is to ensure that the user can determine what the non-text content is, even if they cannot access it.

NOTE: Even if full alternatives are also available, it is important that users be able to identify the non-text content when they encounter it so that they are not confused, and so that they can associate it with the full alternative when they encounter it. A live video feed of the east coast highway has the following descriptive label "Live video picture of East Coast Highway just south of the I interchange showing current traffic conditions.

A live audio feed of the Mississippi House of Representatives has the following descriptive label "Live audio from the microphones in the Mississippi House of Representatives. The purpose of this technique is to provide an accessible alternative way of presenting the information in a synchronized media presentation. In order to present the same information in accessible form, this technique involves creating a document that tells the same story and presents the same information as the synchronized media. Such a document is sometimes called a screenplay. It includes all the important dialogue and actions as well as descriptions of backgrounds etc.

If an actual screenplay was used to create the synchronized media in the first place, this can be a good place to start. In production and editing however, the synchronized media usually changes from the screenplay. For this technique, the original screenplay would be corrected to match the dialogue and what actually happens in the final edited form of the synchronized media.

In addition, some special types of synchronized media include interaction that has to occur at particular places in the playing of the synchronized media. Sometimes it may result in an action taking place e. Sometimes it may change the course of the synchronized media e. In those cases links or some other mechanism would be used in the alternative for time-based media to allow people using the alternative to be able to have the same options and abilities as those using the synchronized media.

A training film shows employees how to use a new piece of equipment. It involves a person talking throughout while they demonstrate the operation. The screenplay used to create the training film is used as a starting point. It is then edited and corrected to match the dialogue etc. The film and the resulting alternative for time-based media are then made available on the company Web site. Employees can then use either or both to learn how to use the machine. An interactive shopping environment is created that allows users to steer themselves around in a virtual store and shop.

An alternative for time-based media allows the users to access the same shopping in text with links to choose aisles and to purchase things instead of dragging them into a virtual shopping basket. View the synchronized media presentation while referring to the alternative for time-based media. Check that the dialogue in the alternative for time-based media matches the dialogue in the synchronized media presentation. Check that the alternative for time-based media has descriptions of actions and expressions of any 'actors' people, animals etc.

The objective of this technique is to provide the definition of words, phrases, jargon, or abbreviation expansions by adding a mechanism to access an on-line dictionary to the Web page. This technique uses existing resources on the Web to provide the definition rather than requiring the author to create a glossary or other mechanism within the site. By providing access from within the Web page, a user can easily locate the desired definition.

This technique can only be used if the online dictionary returns the correct definition. A site that describes how a computer works would include a search feature on each Web page. The search would be performed against an on-line dictionary of computer terms, acronyms, and abbreviations. Since the dictionary is specialized for computer terms, the acronym expansion found should be more accurate than with a general dictionary.

An online course in English grammar provides a paragraph of text which introduces new vocabulary words. Each of the vocabulary words is a link to an on-line dictionary to find the definition of the word. Activating a link will open up a new window to an online dictionary site with the specific vocabulary word defined. Check that a mechanism exists within the Web page to search for the word, phrase, or abbreviation via an on-line dictionary.

Check that the result of the search of the dictionary for the word, phrase, or abbreviation is the correct definition. The objective of this technique is to provide context sensitive help for users as they enter data in forms by providing at least one link to the help information on each Web page.

The link targets a help page with information specific to that Web page.

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Another approach is to provide a help link for every interactive control. Positioning this link immediately before or after the control allows users to easily tab to it if they have problems in the control. Displaying the help information in a new browser window ensures that any data that has already been entered into the form will not be lost. NOTE: A link is not the only means to provide help. The example below shows a label element that includes a help link.

Including the help link within the label element allows screen reader users to have access to the help link when interacting with the input form control. Determine if there is at least one link to help information explaining how to complete the form on this Web page. Determine if there are links either before or after each interactive control to information specific to that control.

The objective of this technique is to provide a way to link to remote long descriptions in technologies that do not have a long description feature built directly into them e. With this technique, the long description is provided in another location than the non-text content. A link to that long description is provided that is immediately adjacent to the non-text content. The link can be immediately before or after the non-text content.

If the description is located along with other text then put "End of description" at the end so that they know when to stop reading and return to the main content. If a "Back" button will not take the person back to the point from which they jumped, then a link back to the non-text content location is provided. This technique was commonly used in HTML before 'longdesc' was added to the specification. This technique is not technology specific and can be used in any technology that supports links.

There is a bar chart on a Web page showing the sales for the top three salespeople. Immediately after the non-text content is a small image denoting a long description. The alternate text for the image is "Long description of chart". The image links to the bottom of the page where there is a section titled "Description of charts on this page". The link points to this specific description: "Sales for October show Mary leading with units. Mike follows closely with Chris rounds out our top 3 with sales of Immediately after the non-text content is a small image denoting the long description.

The image links to another page titled "Description of charts in October Sales Report". The description link points to this specific description: "Sales for October show Mary leading with units. End of description. There is a chart. The figure caption immediately below the chart serves as a link to the long description. The Title attribute of the link makes it clear that this is a link to a long description.

There is a recording of a speech by Martin Luther King. Links to the audio file and the transcript appear side by side. The objective of this technique is to provide a long description without requiring the user to jump off to another location for the description. It also allows all users to see the description which may be useful to anyone who might miss some features in the non-text content.

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With this technique, the long description is provided as part of the standard presentation i. The description is located near the non-text content but does not have to be the very next item. For example, there may be a caption under a chart with the long description provided in the following paragraph. The location of this long description is then provided within the short text alternative so the user knows where to look for it if they cannot view the non-text content. The short text alternative says: "October sales chart for top three salespeople.

Details in text following the chart:". The following is in the paragraph immediately below the chart. Check that the long description is near the non-text content both visually and in the linear reading order. The objective of this technique is to ensure that users can postpone automatic updates of content, or other non-emergency interruptions. This can be accomplished either through a preference or by alerting users of an imminent update and allowing them to suppress it.

If a preference is provided, automatic content update can be disabled by default and users can specify the frequency of automatic content updates if they choose to enable the setting. A Web page provides stock quotes and automatically updates from time to time. The page provides a short form with a field "Refresh data frequency minutes :" so users can adjust the frequency of the updating.

Check that automatic updating is disabled by default or that the user is warned before an automatic update occurs and allowed to suppress it. The objective of this technique is to let the user control if and when content is updated, in order to avoid confusion or disorientation caused by automatic refreshes that cause a change of context. Users of screen readers may find automatic updates confusing because it is not always clear what is happening. People who use screen magnification software and people with reading disabilities may also be disoriented when pages are refreshed automatically.

Some content is frequently updated with new data or information. Some developers force automatic updates by inserting code in the content that causes the content to request a new copy of itself from the server. These updates and the frequency of these updates are not always under the user's control. Instead of triggering updates automatically, authors can provide a mechanism that allows the user to request an update of the content as needed. In HTML, a developer can provide a button or link that allows the user to update the content.

In a Web interface for e-mail Webmail , a developer can provide a button or link to fetch new incoming mails instead of updating automatically. The objective of this technique is to provide an audio spoken version of information that is provided visually so that it is possible for people who cannot see to be able to understand audio-visual material. Since most user agents today cannot merge multiple sound tracks, this technique adds the additional audio information to synchronized media by providing an option which allows users to replace the soundtrack with a new copy of the original soundtrack that has the additional audio description added.

This added information focuses on actions, characters, scene changes and on-screen text not captions that are important to understanding the content. Since it is not helpful to have this new information obscure key audio information in the original sound track or be obscured by loud sound effects , the new information is added during pauses in dialogue and sound effects. This limits the amount of supplementary information that can be added to the program. The soundtrack with the audio description of visual information can either be an alternate sound track that the user can choose, or it can be the standard sound track that everyone hears.

A travelogue of the northeast has additional audio description added during the gaps in the dialogue to let listeners who are blind know what the person is talking about at any point in time. A video shows a woodpecker carving a nest in a tree. A button within the content allows users to turn the audio description track on or off. A lecture has audio description added whenever the instructor says things like "and this is the one that is most important.

A movie file has two audio tracks, one of which includes audio description. Users can choose either one when listening to the movie by selecting the appropriate track in their media player. Check that the ability exists to turn on the audio track that includes audio descriptions. For example, by using a control within the content itself or by selecting a control or preference in the media player or operating system.

Check to see if gaps in dialogue are used to convey important information regarding visual content. Some users who have difficulty sounding out decoding words in written text find it very helpful to hear the text read aloud. This service can now be provided easily using either recorded human speech or synthetic speech. For example, there are a number of products that authors can use to convert text to synthetic speech, then save the spoken version as an audio file.

A link to the spoken version can then be provided within the content. Cost depends in part on the quality of the voice used and whether the text is likely to change frequently. This method is effective for small amounts of text and for longer documents that do not change often. Make a recording of someone reading the text aloud, or use a tool that converts individual documents or selected passages into synthetic speech.

Choose the clearest, most attractive voice if a choice is available. Save the spoken version as an audio file. Use an audio format that is widely available and supported by media players. Server-based methods may be best when pages change often or when user choice determines text content. Some server-based tools allow users to select any text they are interested in and listen to it. Typically, the user presses a button which starts the text-to-speech conversion and reads the text aloud.

The Web site for a municipal housing authority has a button on every page labeled "Read this page aloud. The objective of this technique is to provide a mechanism that allows users to explicitly request changes of context. Since the intended use of a submit button is to generate an HTTP request that submits data entered in a form, this is an appropriate control to use for causing a change of context and is a practice that does not create confusion for users. Example 1: A submit button is used for each form that causes a change in context.

Applies to all synchronized media technologies that allow synchronization of multiple video streams. The objective of this technique is to allow users who cannot hear or read text rapidly to be able to access synchronized media material without affecting the presentation of the material for all viewers. This technique accomplishes this by providing the sign language interpretation as a separate video stream that is synchronized with the original video stream. Depending on the player, this secondary video stream can be overlaid on top of the original video or displayed in a separate window.

It may also be possible to enlarge the sign language interpreter separately from the original video to make it easier to read the hand, body and facial movements of the signer. NOTE: Since sign language is not usually a signed version of the printed language, the author has to decide which sign language to include. If intended for multiple audiences, multiple languages may be used. See advisory technique for multiple sign languages.

Example 1: A university provides a synchronized sign language interpreter video stream that can be displayed, at the viewer's option, along with any of their education programs. Have someone watch the program who can hear and is familiar with the sign language being used. Check to see if there is a sign language interpreter on screen or in a separate window.

Check to see that dialogue and important sounds are being conveyed by the interpreter and are synchronized with the audio. The purpose of this technique is to provide useful information via the text alternative even if the full function of the non-text content cannot be provided. Sometimes, a text alternative cannot serve the same purpose as the original non-text content for example an applet meant to develop two dimensional rapid targeting skills and eye hand coordination. In these cases this technique is used. With this technique a description of the purpose of the non-text content is provided.

An eye-hand coordination development applet has the following text alternative "Applet that uses the mouse and moving targets to develop eye-hand coordination". A camera applet that has a round disk where you push on the edges to control a remote camera and a slider in the middle for zooming has the following text alternative "Control for aiming and zooming remote video camera". Note: This technique must be combined with other techniques to meet SC 3. See Understanding SC 3. The objective of this technique is to notify the user when a field that must be completed has not been completed.

When users fail to provide input for any mandatory form fields, information is provided in text to enable the users to identify which fields were omitted. One approach is to use client-side validation and provide an alert dialog box identifying the mandatory fields which were omitted. Another approach, using server-side validation, is to re-display the form including any previously entered data , with either a text description at the location of the omitted mandatory field, or a text description that identifies the omitted mandatory fields.

Note: The best practice is to include a message or alert, as some users may not be aware that an error has occurred and could assume that the form is not functioning correctly. It is also best practice to include an error notification in the page title title element since a screen reader user is likely to believe the page was submitted correctly and continue to navigate to another page as soon as the new page is returned instead of reading the main content area of the page again. A user attempts to submit a form but has neglected to provide input or select a choice in one or more mandatory fields.

Using client-side validation, the omission is detected and an alert dialog appears informing the user that mandatory fields have not been completed. The labels of the fields with this problem are changed to identify the problem field, and links to the problem fields are inserted in the document after the submit button so the user can move to them after dismissing the alert.


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Using server-side validation, the omission is detected and the form is re-displayed with a text description at the top informing which mandatory fields were omitted. Each omitted mandatory field is also identified using a text label so that the user does not have to return to the list at the top of the form to find the omitted fields. A user is completing a form that contains mandatory fields.

The labels of the fields indicate whether or not they are mandatory. The user tabs to a mandatory field, and tabs out of the field without entering any data or selecting a choice. A client-side script modifies the label of the field to indicate that leaving it blank was an error. Note: Some screen readers may not notice and announce the change to the label so screen reader users may be unaware of the error. Fill out a form, deliberately leaving one or more required mandatory fields blank, and submit it. Check that a text description is provided identifying the mandatory field s that was not completed.

Check that other data previously entered by the user is re-displayed, unless the data is in a security related field where it would be inappropriate to retain the data for re-display e. When users enter input that is validated, and errors are detected, the nature of the error needs to be described to the user in manner they can access. One approach is to present an alert dialog that describes fields with errors when the user attempts to submit the form.

Another approach, if validation is done by the server, is to return the form with the user's data still in the fields and a text description at the top of the page that indicates the fact that there was a validation problem, describes the nature of the problem, and provides ways to locate the field s with a problem easily. The "in text" portion of the Success Criterion underscores that it is not sufficient simply to indicate that a field has an error by putting an asterisk on its label or turning the label red.

A text description of the problem should be provided. When input must be one of a set of allowed values, the text description should indicate this fact. It should include the list of values if possible, or suggest the allowed value that is most similar to the entered value. The user inputs invalid data on a form field. Before the user submits the form, an alert dialog appears that describes the nature of the error so the user can fix it.

The user inputs invalid data on a form field and submits the form. The server returns the form, with the user's data still present, and indicates clearly in text at the top of the page that there were input errors. The text describes the nature of the error s and clearly indicates which field had the problem so the user can easily navigate to it to fix the problem. The objective of this technique is to provide assistance in correcting input errors where the information supplied by the user is not accepted.

When users enter data input that is validated, and input errors are detected, information about the nature and location of the input error is provided in text to enable the users to identify the problem. One approach is to use client-side validation and provide an alert dialog box that describes the error immediately when users enter invalid data in field. Another approach, using server-side validation, is to re-display the form including any previously entered data , and a text description at the top of the page that indicates the fact that there was an error, describes the nature of the problem, and provides ways to easily locate the field s with a problem.

However the text description is provided, it should do one of the following things to assist the user:. Show values of the correct data entry that are similar to the user's data entry, with instructions to the user as to how to enter one of these correct values should the user choose to do so. When the user exits the field, an alert dialog appears that describes the nature of the error so the user can fix it. The user inputs invalid data on a form field and attempts to submit the form. Client side scripting detects the error, cancels the submit, and modifies the document to provide a text description after the submit button describing the error, with links to the field s with the error.

The script also modifies the labels of the fields with the problems to highlight them. Check that a text description is provided that identifies the field in error and provides some information about the nature of the invalid entry and how to fix it. The objective of this technique is to provide a summary of complex content. The summary is provided in addition to the original content. Users with disabilities that make it difficult to decode words and sentences are likely to have trouble reading and understanding complex text.

This technique provides a short statement of the most important ideas and information in the content. The summary is easier to read because it uses shorter sentences and more common words than the original. Write one or more paragraphs that use shorter sentences and more common words to express the same ideas and information. The number of paragraphs depends on the length of the original. Edit the summary. Consider dividing longer sentences into two or replacing long or unfamiliar words with shorter, more common terms. An article describes a technical innovation.

A readability formula is applied; the summary requires reading ability less advanced than the lower secondary education level. Check that the summary requires reading ability less advanced than the lower secondary education level. The objective of this technique is to provide a way for people who have hearing impairments or otherwise have trouble hearing the dialogue in synchronized media material to be able to view the material and see the dialogue and sounds - without requiring people who are not deaf to watch the captions.

With this technique all of the dialogue and important sounds are embedded as text in a fashion that causes the text not to be visible unless the user requests it. As a result they are visible only when needed. This requires special support for captioning in the user agent. NOTE: Captions should not be confused with subtitles. Subtitles provide text of only the dialogue and do not include important sounds.

In order to ensure that users who are deaf can use their interactive educational materials, the college provides captions and instructions for turning on captions for all of their audio interactive educational programs. The online movies at a media outlet all include captions and are provided in a format that allows embedding of closed captions. Special caption files including synchronization information are provided for an existing movie. Players are available that can play the captions in a separate window on screen, synchronized with the movie window.

A video of a local news event has captions provided that can be played over the video or in a separate window depending on the player used. Captioning Key: Guidelines and Preferred Techniques. Best Practices in Online Captioning. National Center for Accessible Media. Note: This technique must be combined with other techniques to meet SC 2.

See Understanding SC 2. The objective of this technique is to give each Web page a descriptive title. Descriptive titles help users find content, orient themselves within it, and navigate through it. A descriptive title allows a user to easily identify what Web page they are using and to tell when the Web page has changed. The title can be used to identify the Web page without requiring users to read or interpret page content. Users can more quickly identify the content they need when accurate, descriptive titles appear in site maps or lists of search results.

When descriptive titles are used within link text, they help users navigate more precisely to the content they are interested in. Make sense when read out of context, for example by a screen reader or in a site map or list of search results. A Web page is published by a group within a larger organization.

The title of the Web page first identifies the topic of the page, then shows the group name followed by the name of the parent organization. A Web page provides guidelines and suggestions for creating closed captions. The title is separated into three parts by dashes. The first part of the title identifies the organization. The second part identifies the sub-site to which the Web page belongs. The third part identifies the Web page itself. The objective of this technique is to help the user avoid input errors by informing them about restrictions on the format of data that they must enter.

This can be done by describing characteristics of the format or providing a sample of the format the data should have. Note: For data formats with common variations, such as dates and times, it may be useful to provide a preference option so users can use the format that is most comfortable to them. The following HTML form control for a date indicates in the label that the date must be in day-month-year format, not month-day-year as many users in the United States may assume.

Determine if each of the form controls identified in 1 provides information about the expected format. The objective of this technique is to permit individuals who rely on a keyboard or keyboard interface to access the functionality of the content. To do this, make sure that all event handlers triggered by non-keyboard UI events are also associated with a keyboard-based event, or provide redundant keyboard-based mechanisms to accomplish the functionality provided by other device-specific functions.